Sadaacharasmruti

This is a grantha by Acharya Madhwa containing the essence of Bhagavat Geeta, Upanishads and other Agamas, dedicated for nitya karmanustana – doS and don’ts of an individual.     The grantha gives guidelines on our daily routine : when to wake up, what do do after that, how to take bath, procedure for japa , sandhyavandana, chaturvarna duties.

ಯಸ್ಮಿನ್ ಸರ್ವಾಣಿ ಕರ್ಮಾಣಿ ಸನ್ಮಾಸ್ಯಾಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಚೇತಸಾ |

ನಿರಾಶೀರ್ನಿರ್ಮಮೋ ಯಾತಿ ಪರಂ ಜಯತಿ ಸೋsಚ್ಯುತ:||

यस्मिन् सर्वाणि कर्माणि सन्मास्याध्यात्मचेतसा ।
निराशीर्निर्ममो याति परं जयति सोsच्युत:||

yasmin sarvāṇi karmāṇi sanmāsyādhyātmacētasā |
nirāśīrnirmamō yāti paraṁ jayati sōcyuta: ||

The first and foremost should be that one shall not having desires in the worldly pleasures and one must note that Srihari is the principal doer of all the activities.  Without him nothing will happen.  It is He (Srihari), who motivates, and does all the activities.  One must do the samarpana of all the activities to Srihari irrespective of whether it is paapakarma or punyakarma.    If we are not doing the samarpana of punya to Srihari, then those punyaas would be taken away by daithyaas.  When we do the samarpana of paapa karma also to Srihari, he will distribute the same to daithyaas, and make us saatwik.

ಸ್ಮೃತ್ವಾ ವಿಷ್ಣುಂ ಸಮುತ್ಥಾಯ ಕೃತಶೌಚೋ ಯಥಾವಿಧಿ |
ಧೌತದಂತ: ಸಮಾಚಮ್ಯ ಸ್ನಾನಂ ಕುರ್ಯಾದ್ವಿಧಾನತ: | ೨ |

स्मृत्वा विष्णुं समुत्थाय कृतशौचो यथाविधि ।
धौतदंत: समाचम्य स्नानं कुर्याद्विधानत: । २ ।

smr̥tvā viṣṇuṁ samutthāya kr̥taśaucō yathāvidhi |
dhautadaṁta: samācamya snānaṁ kuryādvidhānata: | 2 |

We have to get up in the Brahmee Muhurtha, and while getting off bed, do the smarana of Srihari, then do the shoucha vidhi, do mruttika shoucha, do dhanta dhaavana, Achamana and do snaana with proper sankalpa.  –  Here Brahmee Muhurtha means two hours before the sunrise – i.e., if Suryodaya happens at 6.15 am, then Brahmee Muhurtha starts at 4.15.    After getting up from  the bed, he has to chant stotras of Gajendra Moksha, Dadivamana Stotra, Jitante Stotra,

Achamana vidhi –  It must be done facing East or North and never to South or West;  Separate Water to be used for achamana ; do not make sound while doing achamana.  The Achamana is of three types viz., 1. Smartha Achamana, 2. Shrouta Achamana 3. Vaishnavachamana.

  • Smartha Achamana refers doing achamana with Gayatri Mantra with Anganasa and karanyasa.
  • Shrouta Achamana refers to doing Achamana with chanting Rugvedaaya nama: Yajurvedaaya nama: SaamavEdaaya nama:
  • Vaishnava Achamana refers to doing Achamana with Keshshavaadi naamocharana and doing anga sparsha.

We have to do achamana twice of mala or mootra visarjana and thrice after bhojana

Snaana Vidhi :

Praata: snaana removes the graha peeda, daaridrya, dusvapna soochita anishtaas.  We have to do snaana with proper sankalpa .

Snaana is of 5 types – viz., 1. Mala snaana, 2. mantra snaana 3. dhyana snaana 4. Varuna Snaana and 5 Jala snaana.

Mala snaana refers to mala nivaaraka snaana doing with gomaya and cleaning all the parts of body.  Even while doing snaana in our house with tap water, we must drop a few drops of gomaya, tulasi mruttike to that water and do the snaana chanting the sankalpa.

Mantra snaana refers to snaana with only mantra – It is applicable for only who are sick and unable to do snaana – the body to be cleaned by wet cloth – Remove the previous day’s cloth, wear fresh cloth – do achamana – do prokshana with tulasi with Gayatri Mantra – “Apo hista” mantra, etc and do sandhyaadi karmaas

Dhyaana Snaana – It is a snaana for those who can’t do any type of other snaanas – They have to do the chintana of Srihari’s sannidhana on their head. Then do achamana.

Varuna Snaana – Doing snaana in Sarovara or wells with shastrokta reetya.

Jala Snaana – While doing snaana in Gangaadi Tirthas,  – we have to do the prarthana of nadyabhimani devataas, and chintana of bhagavan moorthi while doing snaana.

ಉದ್ಧೃತೇತಿ ಮೃದಾssಲಿಪ್ಯ ದ್ವಿಷಡಷ್ಟಷಡಕ್ಷರೈ: |
ತ್ರಿರ್ನಿಮಜ್ಯಾಪ್ಯಸೂಕ್ತೇನ ಪ್ರೋಕ್ಷಯಿತ್ವಾಪುನಸ್ತತ: | ೩ |

उद्धृतेति मृदाssलिप्य द्विषडष्टषडक्षरै: ।
त्रिर्निमज्याप्यसूक्तेन प्रोक्षयित्वापुनस्तत: । ३ ।

uddhr̥tēti mr̥dAlipya dviṣaḍaṣṭaṣaḍakṣarai: |
trirnimajyāpyasūktēna prōkṣayitvāpunastata: | 3 |

“उध्ध्रुतासि वराहेण कृष्णेन शतबाहुना ।
मृत्तिके हर मे पापं यन्मया दुष्क्रुतं कृतं ।”  –  With chanting of this maha mantra from Narayana Upanishad , one must apply Mruttika on our body.  Then we must chant Dwadashashtara mantra “Om namo bhagavatE vasudevaya” and dip thrice; chant  Narayanakshara “Om namO naaraayaNaaya” and dip thrice, and then chant VishNu shadakshara mantra “Om VishNavE nama” and dip thrice.    OR we must chant three months and dip thrice continuously.  Then with “ap” devata sooktaaA

While doing snaana in rivers – we must dip facing pravaaha, in Sarovaraas, we must be facing suryaa.

Women must take bath only upto the neck.

मृदालिप्य निमज्य त्रि:त्रिर्जपेदघमर्षणं ।
स्रष्टारं सर्वलोकानां स्मृत्वा नारायणं परं । ४ ।

ಮೃದಾಲಿಪ್ಯ ನಿಮಜ್ಯ ತ್ರಿ:ತ್ರಿರ್ಜಪೇದಘಮರ್ಷಣಂ |
ಸ್ರಷ್ಟಾರಂ ಸರ್ವಲೋಕಾನಾಂ ಸ್ಮೃತ್ವಾ ನಾರಾಯಣಂ ಪರಂ | ೪ |

ಯತಶ್ವಾಸೋ ನಿಮಜ್ಯಾಪ್ಸುಪ್ರಣವೇನೋತ್ಥಿತಸ್ತತ: |
ಸಿಂಚೇತ್ ಪುರುಷಸೂಕ್ತೇನ ಸ್ವದೇಹಸ್ಥಂ ಹರಿಂ ಸ್ಮರನ್ | ೫ |

यतश्वासो निमज्याप्सुप्रणवेनोत्थितस्तत: ।
सिंचेत् पुरुषसूक्तेन स्वदेहस्थं हरिं स्मरन् । ५ ।

After taking snaana , one must chant purusha sookta and prokshana of water on his head with omkara arthanusandhana – with smarana of Srihari and that this snaana is for Srihari and that the paadodaka is falling on him.

Then while in water itself one must give snaananga Deva – Rushi – Pitru tarpanaas.

Deva Tarpana with the mantras “brahmadayO yE devastaan dEvaan tarpayaami |…….”  the tarpana water must pass through the edge of all the fingers. – It shall be given facing east direction

Rushi Tarpana to be given with Yagnopaveetha in maalaakara – to Rushees – it shall be given facing north direction

Pitru Tarpana to be given with Yagnopaveetha to our left – to be given to south direction

वसित्वावास आचम्य प्रोक्ष्याचम्य च मंत्रत: ।
गायत्र्या चांजलिं दत्वाध्यात्वासूर्यगतं हरिं । ६ ।

ವಸಿತ್ವಾವಾಸ ಆಚಮ್ಯ ಪ್ರೋಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಚಮ್ಯ ಚ ಮಂತ್ರತ: |
ಗಾಯತ್ರ್ಯಾ ಚಾಂಜಲಿಂ ದತ್ವಾಧ್ಯಾತ್ವಾಸೂರ್ಯಗತಂ ಹರಿಂ | ೬ |

After that fresh dried cloths to be had – Achamana to be done – to give argya with Gayatri Mantra

मंत्रत: परिवृत्याथ समाचम्य सुरादिकान् ।
तर्पयित्वानिपीड्याथ वासो विस्तृत्य चांजसा । ७ ।

ಮಂತ್ರತ: ಪರಿವೃತ್ಯಾಥ ಸಮಾಚಮ್ಯ ಸುರಾದಿಕಾನ್ |
ತರ್ಪಯಿತ್ವಾನಿಪೀಡ್ಯಾಥ ವಾಸೋ ವಿಸ್ತೃತ್ಯ ಚಾಂಜಸಾ | ೭ |

With the mantra “AsaavaadityO brahma”

ಅರ್ಕಮಂಡಲಗಂ ವಿಷ್ಣು ಧ್ಯಾತ್ವ್ಯೈವ ತ್ರಿಪದೀಂ ಜಪೇತ್ |
ಸಹಸ್ರ ಪರಮಾಂ ದೇವೀಂ ಶತಮಧ್ಯಾಂ ದಶಾವರಾಂ | ೭ |

अर्कमंडलगं विष्णु ध्यात्व्यैव त्रिपदीं जपेत् ।
सहस्र परमां देवीं शतमध्यां दशावरां । ७ ।

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