Payovratha is one of the vrathas that had been followed to get santana prapthi and dhanaprapthi. This is a kaamya vratha, in the sense, the important goal behind doing this vratha is to utilise the phala for the pooja of Srihari only.
When to perform ?
– During Phalguna Shukla Paadya to Phalguna Shudda dwadashi
For how many days ? – 12 days
Who had done in the past?
– Aditi did to get Vamana as her son.
– The mother of Acharya Madhwa to get a saathvika son.
Phala – Sampattu (Wealth), Putrabhagya
Who first gave the upadesha of Payovratha to whom?
– Chaturmukha Brahma gave the upadesha to Kashyapa Rushi
– Kashyapa Rushi to Aditi
– (Bhagavatha Ashtama skanda – Adhyaya 15)
During this period those who are performing the Payovratha, can drink only milk. No other food to be taken (Payasa – homa shesha to be taken).
On Magha Amavasye, we have to bring mruttike from forest, where jungle pig has digged the mud or tulasi mruttike. We must have that mruttika dharana and do the snaana in river or in well with sankalpa with the following mantra –
udhrutaasi varaahENa kRuShNena shatabaahunaa |
mRuttikE hana mE paapaM yanmayaa duShkrutaM kRutaM |
udhrutaasi namastubhyaM paapmaanaM mE praNaashaya |
nirvartitaatmaniyamO dEvamarchEt samaahita: |
archaayaM sthaMDilE sUryE jalE vahnou guraavapi |
(bhagavata ashtama skanda 15 adhyaya shloka 27)
Meaning – Praying the bhoomi – You have been brought back by Adivaraha from rasaatala to enable the animals to stay. You remove our sins. Then we have to do mruttikasnaana, do nitya karma – sandhyavandana, pooja, do the araadhana of Srihari who is in bhoomi, surya, jala, agni and our gurugalu.
We have to do the chintana of Kapila, Yajna, Vasudeva, Shivantaryami Sankarshana, Datta,. Do chintana of Srihari alongwith Lakshmidevi. Do the avahana of Narayana in Kalasha with Avaahana karma, do the naivedya of paayasa. Homa to be done. Do the japa of dwadashashtakshara mantra 108 times for 12 days.
Do pradakshine namaskara and brahmana santarpane on all these 12 days
Things to be done on these 12 days –
a. 108 times dwadashashtakshara mantrajapa
b. Pradakshine namaskara
c. Trikala snaana
e. Bhagavad dhyana throughout the day
f. Daily paayasa naivedya
g. Daily abhisheka of Srihari with ksheera
h. Try to have indriya nigraha
i. Do homa of paayasa in agni with narayanashtaakshara.
j. Chant Jitante pundarikaksha stotra
k. Brahmana santarpana
l. Brahmacharya paalana
m. After Brahmana santarpana drink homashesha paayasa alongwith family.
n. Ahimsa dharma paalana
o. Sleep on floor (without bed)
p. Thyaajya of bhoga
On Trayodashi day, invite brahmana suvasini, after pooja, do naivedya of payasa, homa, vastra daana, dhana daana, brahmana bhojana.