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Ganapathi

ganapa

 

Devaranamagalu on Ganesha – click

Pooja Vidhana in Kannada – click

Pooja Vidhana in Sanskrit – click

Pooja Vidhana in Telugu – click

Pooja Vidhana in Tamil – click

1.       Who is Ganesha or Vinayaka or Ganapathi?

–        Ganesha is the son of Parvathi – Parameshwara. Vinayaka is the abhimani devata for akaasa (space or sky) – bhootakaasha. He has Mooshika as his vaahana, he has modaka in his hands,   We have to worship Ganapathi as the Srihari’s parivara devate.  We must never worship him as supreme.

2.       What is the kakshya of Vinayaka?

Ganapathi is in the 18th Kakshya alongwith Vishwaksena, Sheshashatastaru, Kubera, and Ashwini Devategalu.  Ganapathi was born as “Charudeshna”, the son of Krishna-Rukmini.

ವಿಘ್ನರಾಜನೆ ದುರ್ವಿಷಯದೊಳು
ಮಗ್ನವಾಗಿಹ ಮನವ ಮಹದೋ-
ಷಘ್ನನಂಘ್ರಿಸರೋಜಯುಗಳಂಗದಿ ಭಕ್ತಿಪೂರ್ವಕದಿ
ಲಗ್ನವಾಗಿಸು ನಿತ್ಯನರಕಭ-
ಯಾಗ್ನಿಗಳಿಗಾನಂಜೆ ಗುರುವರ
ಭಗ್ನಗೈಸೆನ್ನವಗುಣಗಳನು ಪ್ರತಿದಿವಸದಲಿ  (harikathaamrutasaara gaNapati stOtrasandhi)

3.       It is said that Parvathi got Ganapathi  out of her body’s mud.  Is it without the knowledge of Rudra?

As per Skanda Purana (Tamasa purana) Parvathi got son out of her body’s mud.  But we must not take the story as it is.  It gives a wrong picture on Parvathi.  When Parvathi created Ganesha out of her body’s mud, does it mean that she had lot of mud in her body, how that much of mud can come to her.  When she was born as “Sati”, the daughter of Daksha prajapathi, she had created fire (agni) out of her body and entered fire.  She only took out some portion of Pruthvi amsha out of her body.

Parvathi she herself cannot create a son.  She cannot by herself can give birth to a child.  A Woman without the support and anugraha of a Purusha, cannot produce a child and such things are not found anywhere.    We must understand that Parvathi created Vinayaka only out of the grace, anugraha, and support of her husband Rudra, but not of her own power.   Sri Jagannathadasaru says “”ಪಿನಾಕಿ ಭಾರ್ಯಾತನುಜ ಮೃದ್ಭವ” (pinaki bhaaryatanuja mrudbhava”.

As per Brahma Vaivartha Purana (Rajasa purana)the birth of Ganesha is different – It goes on like this. :-

Parvathi wanted to have a child and did the penance to Srihari, who blessed her with her desire.

Once Shiva – Parvathi were together (in ekaantha) and Shiva was about to discharge his Veerya in her.  By that time some sages came and sought Bhiksha.  Parvathi left Shiva in the middle and went to arrange for the Bhiksha of the sages.  In the meantime, the Veerya in Shiva which should have been deposited in Parvathi fell on the ground, and a handsome boy was born.  That boy was none other than Ganapathi.    So, Ganapathi was born with the anugraha of Shiva only.

Note –  Here both the puranaas are written by Sri Vedavyasaru only,  one is a tamasa purana and the other a rajasa purana.    The Skanda purana on Ganapathi seems to be mohaka purana.

4.       How Vinayaka got the head of the elephant?

Here also two versions –

As per Skanda Purana – which is a famous story – Parvathi went to take bath and installed Ganapathi as the security.  Shiva came with thirsty and was about to enter the house, whom Ganapathi stopped.  Shiva out of anger, removed the head of Ganapathi.  When Parvathi came out she saw the dead son and begged Shiva to give life to him.   Shiva in turn, then realised that Ganapathi was his son only, and ordered his servants to bring the head of anyone who is lying with the head towards North Direction.    The servants saw no one sleeping with head towards North and found an elephant sleeping so.  They cut off the head of that elephant and gave it to Shiva, who placed on the body of Ganapathi and brought back to life.

As per Brahma Vaivartha Puranait is a different story –  Ganapathy was very handsome.  All gods, Rushees, Munees wanted to have his darshana.  Everybody came there to Kailasa to have his darshana and were praising the Gananayaka.  Parvathi was very much happy at her son.  After all gods came, Shanaischara, who had come to Kailasa was hesitating to see Ganapathy and was sitting out.  Parvathi realizing this asked Shani to come and have the darshana of Ganapathy.  Shani told that he had a curse from his wife that if he sees anybody directly his head would be cut off.   (Once Shani was doing Dhyana.  At that time his wife, daughter of Chitraratha, came in front of him, but Shani who was in dhyana did not see her at all.  So she cursed him that whoever he sees directly would get his head cut off).

Parvathi compels Shani to see Ganapathy, which he agreed and sees him.  As soon as he saw him directly, Ganapathy’s face was cut. Parvathi now repented for having forced Shani to see his son and she was crying.  As such Ganapathy lost his head.

Parvathi prayed Srihari who immediately rushed there.  Srihari went and removed the head of an elephant which was sleeping head faced towards North.

Acharya Madhwa in his Maandookopanishat Bhashya has written –  Sri Ganesha is the aradhaka of Vishwa Taijasa roopa.  Both are are Jaagrat and Svapnavaste niyamaka roopa.  – i.e., Vishvambara roopa.  It has 19 heads.  The Central face is Gajamukha, whereas the other 18 faces are human and other faces.  Ganesha was doing the chintana of “Vishvambara roopa” of Srihari.  As such, he got the Gajamukha.

5 .       Why Srihari brought the head of the elephant and placed it on Ganapathy –

As per Brahma Vaivartha Purana –

Once Doorvasa sage gave the nirmalya of Srihari to Indra, the god of Heaven.  Indra in turn put it on the head of the elephant, which threw and touched with its legs.  As such, having neglected Nirmalya of Srihari Indra got so many problems and he had to loose his power also.  Ultimately after Samudra Mathana, after getting Amrutha, Devendra got back his power.  Here, that elephant which touched the nirmalya of Srihari with its legs got the sin.  As such, it had to be punished.  Srihari removed the head of that elephant and placed it on Ganapathy.   Further, that elephant was lucky to have the sparsha of Harinivedita nirmalya and as such, its head could become the head of Ganapathy.

6.       Naming ceremony of Ganapathy – Parvathi requested Srihari to name the child – So, Srihari himself gave 8 names –

  • Vignesha – as he is the pariharaka of obstacles.

  • Ganesha – as he is the head of Ganaas,

  • Heramba – as he fought with Shiva

  • Gajanana – as he has the face of elephant (Gajakarna)

  • Lambodara – as he has long udara

  • Shoorpakarna – as he has broad ears

  • Vinayaka –  as he is always immersed in the dhyana of Srihari

  • Ekadanta – as he has one tusk

7.       Why Ganapathy lost of his “danta” and became “Ekadanta” –

As per Skanda purana – Once Ganapathy was sitting on his vehicle, the rat and moving.  Suddenly one snake passed and the rat on seeing the snake,  got fear and shaked, Vinayaka who was sitting on the rat fell.  Chandra who saw this laughed at Ganesha.  Ganapathy got angry at Chandra,  he removed one of his danta and threw at him.

As per Brahma Vaivartha purana –

Jamadagni, the father of Parashurama, was killed by Karthaveeryarjuna.  Parashurama got angry and wanted to kill him.  At this time, the gods and rushees told that Karthaveeryarjuna is blessed with the boon and as such, he has to obtain vidya from Shiva to enable him to kill Karthaveeryarjuna.  Parashurama, the incarnation of Srihari, loka reethya went to Shiva for learning Shastra vidya (weapon vidya) with Shiva. ( Here we must noteShiva did the samarpana of shastra vidya to Parashurama).  After killing Karthaveeryarjuna, Parashurama again returned and wanted to do the samarpana of the killing of Karthaveeryarjuna to his guru (loka reethya).    Ganapathy who was standing in front of Kailasa stopped Parashurama telling that his parents are in Ekantha.  Parashurama insisted to go inside.  Ganapathy told that him if he wants to go inside, he has to fight with him and go inside.  Parashurama pretended angry and took his weapon and was about to throw at Ganapathy.  Now, Ganapathy realizing his mistake repented and begged to remove one of his tooth (danta) as a punishment for having prevented him from entering.  Parashurama removed that Danta (tooth) of Ganapathy .  As such, Ganapathy is having only one danta – Ekadanta. 

8.       What is the importance of Bhadrapada Shudda Chaturthi ?

It is the day on which Ganapathy had his rebirth – i.e., the day on which he got the elephant’s head.  Further, Shiva blessed him that before starting any new work, agriculture, wedding, or any function, one must do the pooja of Vigneshwara so that there will not be any obstacles in completion of that work and that it would be completed confortably.  ಗಣೇಶನಿಗೆ ಬೆಲ್ಲದ ಭಕ್ಷ್ಯಗಳು, ಕಬ್ಬು, ಗರಿಕೆ, ಕೆಂಪುಬಣ್ಣದ ಹೂವುಗಳು, ರಕ್ತವಸ್ತ್ರ, ಇವು ಪ್ರಿಯ.  ಗಣೇಶನಿಗೆ ತುಳಸಿಯ ಶಾಪವಿರುವುದರಿಂದ, ತುಳಸಿಯಿಂದ ಅರ್ಚಿಸಬಾರದು.

9.       Why we must not see Chandra on Bhadrapada Shudda Chaturthi –

As already informed once Ganapathy was sitting on his chariot rat (mooshika Vahana Ganapathy) after eating heavy food on Bhadrapada Shudda Chaturthi.  The rat saw a snake passing nearby and the rat become unconscious on seeing the snake and fell down.  Ganesha sitting on the rat fell down on the ground.  The sweet balls which Ganesha had in his hand fell on the ground and Ganesha took it and put them again in his belly.  Ganesha took the snake which was moving and tied to his belly as a belt.  Seeing the mischievous actions of Ganesha, Chandra laughed in the sky.  Ganesha felt it as disrespect to him by Chandra, and cursed him that “no one shall see Chandra in future”.  With this Chandra repented and came down and did the prarthana to Ganesha for pardon.

Note – Chandra is in the 12th Kakshya whereas Ganapathi is in the 18th Kakshya.  How can he accept the curse by Ganapathi?  –  Chandra on being hit by Ganesha, understood and saw that it is not mere Ganesha, but actually paramathma, the Vishwambara roopa of Srihari and sought apology from paramathma present in Ganesha. 

Then Ganesha was convinced and reduced the curse that Chandra should decrease day by day in Krishna paksha.  Further, let no one shall see Chandra on Bhadrapada Shudda Chaturthi day and that who ever see Chandra shall have “mistake or misunderstanding and shall have some blame”. 

ಸ್ಯಮಂತಕೋಪಾಖ್ಯಾನ – 
ನೈಮಿಷಾರಣ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಒಮ್ಮೆ ಸೂತಪುರಾಣಿಕರನ್ನು ಶೌನಕಾದಿಗಳು ಗಣಪತಿಯ ಕಥೆಯನ್ನು ಹೇಳಿದಾಗ, ಅವರು ಹೇಳಿದರು – ಪೂರ್ವದಲ್ಲಿ ಶ್ರೀಕೃಷ್ಣಪರಮಾತ್ಮನೇ ತನಗೆ ಬಂದ ಅಪವಾದವನ್ನು ಪರಿಹರಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳಲು ಈ ವ್ರಥವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿದನೆಂದರು.  ಆಗ ಶೌನಕರು ಪ್ರಶ್ನಿಸುತ್ತಾರೆ – ಜಗನ್ನಿಯಾಮಕನಾದ ಶ್ರೀಕೃಷ್ಣನಿಗೆ ಅಪವಾದವೇ? ಅದು ಹೇಗೆ ಸಾಧ್ಯ? ಅದನ್ನು ವಿವರಿಸಿ ಹೇಳಲು ಬಯಸಿದಾಗ ಸೂತರು ಹೇಳುತ್ತಾರೆ –
ಭಾದ್ರಪದ ಚತುರ್ಥಿಯಂದು ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ನನು ಚಂದ್ರದರ್ಶನವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿದ್ದರಿಂದ ಸ್ಯಮಂತಕ ಮಣಿಗಳ್ಳನೆಂಬ ಅಪಖ್ಯಾತಿಗೆ ಗುರಿಯಾದನು.
ಒಮ್ಮೆ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮದೇವರು ಗಣಪತಿಗೆ ಅಣಿಮಾದಿ ಅಷ್ಟಸಿದ್ಧಿಗಳನ್ನೂ ಅನುಗ್ರಹಿಸಿದರು.  ಹೀಗೆ ಅನುಗ್ರಹೀತನಾದ ಗಣಪತಿಯು ಸತ್ಯಲೋಕದಿಂದ ಚಂದ್ರಲೋಕಕ್ಕೆ ಬರುತ್ತಿರುವಾಗ ಎಡವಿ ಬಿದ್ದನು.  ಇದನ್ನು ನೋಡಿದ ಚಂದ್ರನು ಅಪಹಾಸ್ಯ ಮಾಡುತ್ತಾ ನಕ್ಕನು.  ಈ ಸಂದರ್ಭದಲ್ಲಿ ಚಂದ್ರನಿಗೆ ತಾನೇ ಅತಿ ಸುಂದರನೆಂಬ ಅಹಂಕಾರವೂ ಕಾರಣವಾಗಿತ್ತು.  ಈ ಅಪಹಾಸ್ಯವನ್ನು ನೋಡಿದ ಗಣಪತಿಯು ಕುಪಿತನಾಗಿ  ಚಂದ್ರನಿಗೆ ಶಾಪವಿತ್ತನು “ನೀನು ಅತ್ಯಂತ ಸುಂದರನೆಂಬ ಅಹಂಕಾರದಿಂದ ನನಗೆ ಅಪಹಾಸ್ಯ ಮಾಡಿರುವೆ.  ಇಂದಿನಿಂದ ನಿನ್ನನ್ನು ಜನರು ನೋಡುವುದೇ ಬೇಡ, ಅಕಸ್ಮಾತ್ ನೋಡಿದರೆ ಅವರಿಗೆ ಸುಳ್ಳು ಅಪವಾದ ಬರಲಿ” ಎಂದು.  ಆಗ ತನ್ನ ತಪ್ಪಿಗೆ ಪಶ್ಚಾತಾಪಗೊಂಡ ಚಂದ್ರನು ಗಣಪತಿಯನ್ನು ಸ್ತುತಿಸಿದನು –
ಪ್ರಸೀದ ದೇವೇಶ ಜಗನ್ನಿವಾಸ ಗಣೇಶ ಲಂಬೋದರ ವಕ್ರತುಂಡ |
ವಿರಿಂಚಿ ನಾರಾಯಣ ಪೂಜ್ಯಮಾನ ಕ್ಷಮಸ್ವ ಮೇ ಗರ್ವಕೃತಂ ಚ ಹಾಸ್ಯಂ |
ಆಗ ಸಂತುಷ್ಟನಾದ ಗಣಪತಿಯು ತನ್ನ ಶಾಪವನ್ನು ಸಂಕುಚಿತಗೊಳಿಸಿದನು – “ಯಾರು ಚಂದ್ರನನ್ನು ಗಣಪತಿಯ ದಿನವಾದ ಭಾದ್ರಪದ ಶುದ್ಧ ಚತುರ್ಥಿಯಂದು ನೋಡುತ್ತಾರೋ ಅವರಿಗೆ ಮಿಥ್ಯಾಪವಾದ ಬರಲಿ.  ಬೇರೆ ದಿನ ನೋಡಲಡ್ಡಿಯಿಲ್ಲ”.
ಅಥವಾ ಭಾದ್ರಪದ ಶುದ್ಧ ದ್ವಿತೀಯದಂದು ಬಿದಿಗೆ ಚಂದ್ರನನ್ನು ನೋಡಿದರೂ ಕೂಡ ಆ ಅಪವಾದದಿಂದ ಮುಕ್ತಿಯಿದೆ.
ಭಾದ್ರಪದ ಶುದ್ಧ ಚತುರ್ಥಿಯಂದು ಚಂದ್ರನನ್ನು ನೋಡಿದರೆ ಅಪವಾದ ತಪ್ಪದು.  ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ ಅಕಸ್ಮಾತ್ ಚಂದ್ರನನ್ನು ನೋಡಿದರೆ, ಅದರ ಪರಿಹಾರಾರ್ಥವಾಗಿ ಈ ಶ್ಲೋಕವನ್ನು ಪಠಿಸಿದರೆ , ಅಪವಾದದಿಂದ ಪರಿಹಾರವಾಗುವುದೆಂದು ವರವಿದೆ.
ಪರಮಾತ್ಮನ ಭಕ್ತನಾದ ಸತ್ರಾಜಿತನು ಒಮ್ಮೆ ಸೂರ್ಯಮಂಡಲಾಂತರ್ಗತನಾದ ಸೂರ್ಯನಾರಾಯಣನನ್ನು ತಪ್ಪಿಸಿ, ಅವನಿಂದ ಸ್ಯಮಂತಕಮಣಿಯನ್ನು ಪಡೆದನು.  ಸೂರ್ಯನು ಆ ಮಣಿಯನ್ನು ಸತ್ರಾಜಿತನಿಗೆ ಕರುಣಿಸುವಾಗ ಅಶುಚಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಇದನ್ನು ಧರಿಸಿದರೆ ಅದು ಒಲಿಯದೆಂದು ಹೇಳಿದ್ದನು.  ಸತ್ರಾಜಿತನು ವಿಷ್ಣುಭಕ್ತನಾಗಿದ್ದರೂ ಲೋಭತನವನ್ನು ಬಿಟ್ಟಿರಲಿಲ್ಲ.  ಅವನ ಲೋಭತನವನ್ನು ಹೋಗಲಾಡಿಸಲೆಂದೇ ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ನನು ತನಗೆ ಆ ಸ್ಯಮಂತಕ ಮಣಿ ಬೇಕೆಂದು ಸತ್ರಾಜಿತನಲ್ಲಿ ಕೇಳಿದಾಗ, ಅವನು ಅದನ್ನು ಕೊಡದೆ ತನ್ನ ಸಹೋದರನಾದ ಪ್ರಸೇನನಿಗೆ ನೀಡಿದ್ದನು.  ಪ್ರಸೇನನಾದರೋ ತಾನು ಭೇಟೆಯಾಡಲು ಹೋದಾಗ ಅಶುಚಿಯಾಗಿದ್ದಾಗ ಅದನ್ನು ಧರಿಸಿದ್ದನು.  ಆಗ ಒಂದು ಸಿಂಹವು ಪ್ರಸೇನನನ್ನು ಕೊಂದು ಸ್ಯಮಂತಕಮಣಿಯನ್ನು ಕಚ್ಚಿಕೊಂಡು ಹೋಗುತ್ತಿತ್ತು.  ಆಗ ದಾರಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಜಾಂಬವಂತನೆಂಬ ಕರಡಿಯು ಆ ಸಿಂಹವನ್ನು ಕೊಂದು ಮಣಿಯನ್ನು ತನ್ನ ಗುಹೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಮಗಳ ಉಯ್ಯಾಲೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಕಟ್ಟಿದನು.
ಅಷ್ಟರಲ್ಲಿ ಸತ್ರಾಜಿತನಾದರೋ ತನ್ನ ತಮ್ಮನು ವಾಪಸ್ಸು ಬರದಿರುವುದನ್ನು ನೋಡಿ, ಹಿಂದೆ ಕೃಷ್ಣನು ಸ್ಯಮಂತಕಮಣಿಯನ್ನು ಕೇಳಿದ್ದುದರಿಂದ ಅವನೇ ಈಗ ತನ್ನ ತಮ್ಮನನ್ನು ಕೊಂದು ಅಪಹರಿಸಿದ್ದಾನೆಂದೆ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಕಡೆ ಪ್ರಚಾರ ಮಾಡಿದನು.  ಕೃಷ್ಣನಾದರೋ ಒಮ್ಮೆ ಭಾದ್ರಪದ ಶುದ್ಧ ಚತುರ್ಥಿಯಂದು ಚಂದ್ರದರ್ಶನ ಮಾಡಿದ್ದನು.  ಸರ್ವದೋಷದೂರನಾದ, ಸಕಲರಿಗೂ ನಿಯಾಮಕನಾದ ಪರಮಾತ್ಮನಿಗೆ ಅಪವಾದವೇ? ಇಲ್ಲ.  ತಾನೇ ಗಣಪತಿಯ ಮಾತನ್ನು ಸತ್ಯವಾಗಿಸಲು, ಜಗನ್ನಾಟಕ ಸೂತ್ರದಾರಿಯಾದ ತಾನೇ ಲೋಕ ಶಿಕ್ಷನಾರ್ಥ ಅಪವಾದವನ್ನು ಸ್ವೀಕರಿಸಿದನು.  ಮತ್ತು ಅದರ ಪರಿಹಾರಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ಸ್ಯಮಂತಕವನ್ನು ಹುಡುಕಿಕೊಂಡು ಹೊರಟನು.  ಕಾಡಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಸಿಂಹದಿಂದ ಹತನಾದ ಪ್ರಸೇನನನ್ನೂ,  ಕರಡಿಯಿಂದ ಹತವಾದ ಸಿಂಹವನ್ನೂ ನೋಡಿ, ಕರಡಿಯ ಹೆಜ್ಜೆ ಗುರುತು ಹಿಡಿದು ಗುಹೆಯೊಳಗೆ ಪ್ರವೇಶಿಸಿದನು.  ಗುಹೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಜಾಂಬವಂತನ ಮಗಳಾದ ಜಾಂಬವತಿಯು ಆ ತೊಟ್ಟಿಲಲ್ಲಿದ್ದ ಮಗುವಿಗೆ ಹೇಳುತ್ತಿದ್ದಳು –
ಸಿಂಹ: ಪ್ರಸೇನಮವಧೀತ್, ಸಿಂಹೋ ಜಾಂಬವತಾ: ಹತ: |
ಸುಕುಮಾರಕ ಮಾ ರೋದೀ: ತವ ಹ್ಯೇಷ: ಸ್ಯಮಂತಕ: ||
ಅರ್ಥ – ಸಿಂಹವು ಪ್ರಸೇನನನ್ನು ಕೊಂದಿತು, ಸಿಂಹವನ್ನು ಜಾಂಬವಂತನೆಂಬ ಕರಡಿಯು ಸಂಹರಿಸಿತು.  ಹೇ ಸುಕುಮಾರ ಅಳಬೇಡ, ಈ ಸ್ಯಮಂಟಕಮಣಿಯು ನಿನಗಾಗಿ ಜಾಂಬವಂತನಿಂದ ತರಲಗಿದೆ. ಎಂದು ಹಾಡುತ್ತಿದ್ದಳು.   ಗುಹಾಪ್ರವೇಶಿಸಿದ ಕೃಷ್ಣನನ್ನು ನೋಡಿದ ಜಾಂಬವತಿಯು ಜೋರಾಗಿ ಕಿರುಚಿದಳು.  ಆಗ ಅಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಬಂದ ಜಾಂಬವಂತನು ಕೃಷ್ನನೊಂದಿ ೨೮ ದಿನಗಳ ಕಾಲ ಯುದ್ಧಮಾಡಿದನು.  (ತಾನೇ ಹಿಂದೆ ರಾಮಾವತಾರ ಕಾಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಶ್ರೀರಾಮನೊಂದಿಗೆ ಪ್ರಾರ್ಥಸಿ ಯುದ್ಧಭಿಕ್ಷೆಯನ್ನು ನೀಡಬೇಕೆಂದು ಕೇಳಿದ್ದನು.  ಅದನ್ನು ಶ್ರೀಹರಿಯು ಕೃಷ್ಣಾವತಾರಕಾಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಅನುಗ್ರಹಿಸುವೆನೆಂದಿದ್ದನು. ).  ಕೃಷ್ಣನೊಂದಿಗೆ ಅಷ್ಟು ದೀರ್ಘಕಾಲ ಯುದ್ಧ ಮಾಡಿ ಸೋತು ನಿಷ್ಚೇಷ್ಟಿತನ್ನದಾಗ ತನ್ನನ್ನು ಸೋಲಿಸಲು ಯಾರಿಗೂ ಸಾಮರ್ಥ್ಯವಿಲ್ಲದಿರುವಾಗ, ಬಹುಶ: ಇವನು ರಾಮಚಂದ್ರನೋ ಎಂಬ ಅನುಮಾನ ಬಂದು, ರಾಮಸ್ಮರಣೆ ಮಾಡಲು, ಆಗ ಶ್ರೀಕೃಷ್ಣನಲ್ಲಿಯೇ ರಾಮಚಂದ್ರನನ್ನು ಕಂಡು,.ತನ್ನ ತಪ್ಪಿನ ಅರಿವಾಗಿ ಪ್ರಾಯಶ್ಚಿತ್ತಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ತನ್ನ ಮಗಳಾದ ಜಾಂಬವತೀದೇವಿಯನ್ನು ಮತ್ತು ಸ್ಯಮಂತಕಮಣಿಯನ್ನೂ ಕೊಟ್ಟು ಕಳಿಸಿದನು.
ಶ್ರೀಕೃಷ್ಣನು ಹಿಂತಿರುಗಿ, ನಂತರ ಯಾದವರ ಸಭೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸತ್ರಾಜಿತನಿಗೆ ಸಕಲ ವೃತ್ತಾಂತವನ್ನೂ ತಿಳಿಸಿ, ಸ್ಯಮಂತಕಮಣಿಯನ್ನೂ ಹಿಂತಿರುಗಿಸಿದನು.  ವೃಥಾ ಅಪವಾದವನ್ನು ಶ್ರೀಕೃಷ್ಣನ ಮೇಲೆ ಮಾಡಿದ್ದರಿಂದ ನೊಂದು, ತನ್ನ ಪಾಪವನ್ನು ಕಳೆಯುವ ಸಲುವಾಗಿ ತನ್ನ ಪುತ್ರಿಯಾದ, ಸಾಕ್ಷಾತ್ ಭೂದೇವಿಯ ಅವತಾರಳಾದ ಸತ್ಯಭಾಮೆಯನ್ನು ಕೊಟ್ಟು ಮದುವೆ ಮಾಡಿದನು.

10.   Worshipping of Ganapathy as Sarvottama is wrong –

Vinayaka is the son of Rudra.  For those who have tamasa gunas, Vinayaka in order to make them to a fierceful states, makes them to do Sankashti Vratha, and gives sukha, which is the reason for hell later.    Some people are performing Sankashti Vratha on every Krishna Paksha Chaturthi day.  Ganesha blesses them fully or partially and then pushes them to hell.  Because those who perform such vratas are basically tamasic souls.  Because – They pray that Ganapathy is Sarvottama.  They prey that Ganapathi is the Creater, protector and destroyer, etc.    As such, Madhwas are not supposed to do Sankashti Vratha.

11.   gaNaanaam pati: = dEvagaNaanaam pati: = hari: =    Actually the word “Ganapathy” means Srihari only.  All Vedaas, all shabdhaas, vaakyaas, whether pourusheya or apouresheya, all speak, sing only the glorious of Srihari only.

12.   Worshipping of Ganapathy by greater gods :

  • In order to kill daithyaas, Devendra did pooja of Ganapathi
  • While constructing the bridge to Lanka, Sri Ramachandra did the pooja of Ganapathi.
  • Yudhistira did the pooja of Ganapathi as per the orders of Krishna.
  • Shiva himself did the pooja of Ganapathy before starting war with Tripurasura.
  • Krishna also did the pooja of Ganapathy
Here all the gods mentioned are superior to Ganapathi in Kakshya.  All of them did the pooja only loka reethya and to bless Ganapathy.   Ramachandra did the pooja to Ganapathi being the pooja of himself his own Vishwambararoopa which was in Ganapathi.  Dharmaraja did pooja of Ganapathi to respect the boons granted by Shiva to Vinayaka and to mislead the wicked souls also.

13.   Vinayaka getting the face of an elephant as per Acharya Madhwa as found in Maandookopanishat Upanishad Bhashya –

Vinayaka getting the face of an elephant is actually based on shruti.  He is very great devotee of Sri Hari, in the roopa of “Vishwambaramurthy”, who controls the waking state and “taijasa” named paramathma who controls the dream state of jeevas.

Bhagavan, the Vaishnara is denoted by the sacred pranava “Omkara”. And is the instigator and controller of Mahalakshmi.  He has four swaroopaas.  In each jeeva, Paramathma resides in four roopaas.  In the waking state, he resides in the right eye.  He has 7 limbs, which means 4 hands, 1 tusk, and 2 legs.   He has 19 faces   The middle one is that of an elephant’s face.  On both sides of that face, there are 9 faces.

Vinayaka was always meditating on this centre face of Vaishnara which is that of an elephant and so by the sruti, he has the face of an elephant.    –  vinayakastu vishwasya dhyaanaat Et gajavaktrataam |

14.   Ganapathi writing Mahabharatha as dictated by Vedavyasa devaru –

Ganapathi is the recipient of mercy from Lord Sri Vedavyasa.  The story goes on that Sri Vedavyasa ordered to Sri Ganapathy to write Mahabharatha to the speed of his dictation.

Original Mahabharata consist of 60 lakhs granthas (Grantha means 32 letters)  Sri Vedavyasa kept 30 lakhs granthas aside, not available to anyone, but only made available to Chaturmukha brahma, Vayu.  Of the remaining 30 lakhs – was split into four portions –

a. 30 lakhs granthas were given to Narada Maharshi to teach the Devataas.
b. In that again another half of that, i.e., 15 lakhs Grantha were taken and given to the sages Asitha, and Devalaru, for teaching Pitru Devategalu.
c. Shukacharya was given 14 lakh granthas for teaching to Gandharvas
d. Final one lakh granthas were made available to Janamejaya Raja by Sri Vaisampayanaru.  Only this final one lakh grantha is now available to us.  This one lakh Grantha (approx 8800 shlokas) is said to be written by Ganapathi and not the entire Mahabharatha.

15. Ravana incident Shiva had given Raavana for Shiva pooja, his athmalinga,  and instructed Ravana that the atmalinga should not be placed on the ground as it would establish itself where placed on earth.On the way, as the Sandhyavandana time arrived,  Ravana  asked Ganesha (in the disguise of a Brahmin boy),  to look after the Athmalinga, (Shiva Idol)  and went for Sandhyavandhana.  (Pl note  – even Ravana, a Daithya was doing Sandhya vandana without fail.  But we are ignoring sandhyavandana for our entertainment) Ganesha told him he could not carry the idol for long time.  Raavana told he will come early.  Ganesha having known of the Athmalinga, he kept it on the ground itself, resulting in Gokarneshwara Athmalinga.

16.  Worshipping of Ganapathi in streets –  Worshipping of Ganesha is a devata kaarya.  Now a days, it has become a trend to worship Ganapathi everywhere on the streets.   We are following westernised culture in many issues, but atleast in worshipping Gods, let us follow Hindu culture.   The people collects money from the friends, and in many cases they goes to all houses to collect funds for Ganesha pooja,  pools the money and installs Ganapathi.  The idol is worshipped with various flowers, and other decorative items.  The people enjoys by dancing, singing arranging Orchestra, and tries to get the blessings of Ganapathi.   In many cases, the people are drinking alcohal and dancing.  Whether he blesses them or curses them is not known.  In the earlier days, the pooja of Ganapathi was done with devaranamas, sankeerthanas, keerthanaas, archanaas.  Now it is being done with irrelevant and irritating dance tunes,  how can Ganesha be pleased?  Atleast we, Madhwas should not involve in such an act.  We must avoid participating in such dances on Ganesha festival.  During the period, we can hold Harikatha, upanyaasa, bhajan, yakshagaana, pouranika dramaas,  etc., and uphold our Hindu Tradition.

17. Worshipping of Ganapathi of different shapes –  Ganapathi has a definite shape.  Now a days, the people are creating idols of Ganapathi with innovative ideas.  They are creating Ganapathi in the form of Veerappan, in the form of Narendra Modi, in the form of Saibaba, in the form of Ayyappa, etc……   This is definitely against the culture and Ganapathi will never be please and he will curse instead of blessing.      Ganapathi has to be worshipped in his kakshya only shastra reethya,  but if one is worshipping him in the form of Modi, Ayyappa or Saibaba or others, we are degrading him, which would result in Navavidha dwesha.  There are some section of people who worship him as Sarvottama, which is also against the principle.  He must be worshipped as the Ganapathi with Parvathipathi Shivantargatha Bharathiramana Mukyapraanaantargata Vishwambara MurthiyE namaha only.

 

೧೮  ಶ್ರೀ ಜಗನ್ನಾಥದಾಸರ ತತ್ವಸುವ್ವಾಲಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸ್ತುತಿಸಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ ಗಣಪತಿ –

ಅಂಬಿಕಾತನಯ ಭೂತಾಂಬರಾಧಿಪ ಸುರಕದಂಭಸಂಪೂಜ್ಯ ನಿರವದ್ಯ |
ನಿರವದ್ಯ ನಿನ್ನ ಪಾದಾಂಬುಜಗಳೆಮ್ಮ ಸಲಹಲಿ

ಭೂತಾಕಾಶದ ಅಭಿಮಾನಿಯೂ, ದೇವಸಮೂಹದಿಂದ ಭಕ್ತಿಯಿಂದ ಪೂಜಿಸಲ್ಪಡತಕ್ಕವನೂ, ನಿರವದ್ಯನೂ ಆದ, ಅಂಬಿಕಾತನಯನೇ ನಿನ್ನ ಪಾದಾಂಬುಜಗಳು ನಮ್ಮನ್ನು ಸಲಹಲಿ.

ಗಜವಕ್ತ್ರ ಷಣ್ಮುಖಾನುಜ ಶಬ್ದಗುಣಗ್ರಹಕ ಭುಜಗಕತಿಸೂತ್ರ ಸುಚರಿತ್ರ |
ಸುಚರಿತ್ರ ತ್ವತ್ಪದಾಂಬುಜಗಳಿಗೆ ಎರಗಿ ಬಿನ್ನೈಪೆ |
ಷಣ್ಮುಖಾನುಜನಾದ, ಶಬ್ದವೇ ಗುಣವಾಗುಳ್ಳ ಆಕಾಶವನ್ನು ಅಧೀನದಲ್ಲಿಟ್ಟುಕೊಂಡಿರುವ ಅಂದರೆ ಆಕಾಶಾಭಿಮಾನಿಯಾದ,  ಸರ್ಪವನ್ನು ಸೊಂಟದಲ್ಲಿ ಬಿಗಿದುಕೊಂಡಿರುವ, ಸುಚರಿತ್ರನಾದ, ಹೇ ಗಜಮುಖನೇ ನಿನ್ನ ಪಾದಪದ್ಮಾಳಿಗೆರಗಿ, ಭಿನ್ನೈಪಿಸುವೆನು
 
ವಿತ್ತಪತಿಮಿತ್ರಸುತ ಭೃತ್ಯಾನುಭೃತ್ಯನ ವಿಪತ್ತುಪಡಿಸುವ ಅಜ್ಞಾನ |
ಅಜ್ಞಾನ ಬಿಡಿಸಿ ಮಮ ಚಿತ್ತಮಂದಿರದಿ ನೆಲೆಗೊಳ್ಳೋ |
ವಿತ್ತಪತಿಯಾದ ಕುಬೇರನ ಮಿತ್ರನಾದ ರುದ್ರದೇವನ ಮಗನಾದ ಗಜಮುಖನೇ, ಭೃತ್ಯಾನುಭೃತ್ಯನಾದ ನನ್ನನ್ನು ವಿಪತ್ತಿಗೆ ಗುರಿ ಮಾಡುವ ಅಜ್ಞಾನವನ್ನು ಪರಿಹರಿಸಿ, ನನ್ನ ಮನವೆಂಬ ಮಂದಿರದಲ್ಲಿ ಸ್ಥಿರವಾಗಿ ವಾಸಿಸು
 
ಕಕುಭೀಶ ನಿನ್ನ ಸೇವಕನ ಬಿನ್ನಪವ ಚಿತ್ತಕೆ ತಂದು ಹರಿಯ ನೆನೆವಂತೆ |
ನೆನೆವಂತೆ ಕರುಣಿಸೋ ಅಕುತಿಲಾತ್ಮಕನೆ ಅನುಗಾಲ |
ಹೇ ಕಕುಭೀಶನೇ (ದಿಗಂತವ್ಯಾಪ್ತವಾದ ಭೂತಾಕಾಶದ ಒಡೆಯನೆ), ನಿನ್ನನ್ನು ಸೇವಿಸುವ ನನ್ನ ಪ್ರಾರ್ಥನೆಯನ್ನು, ಪ್ರಸನ್ನನಾಗಿ, ಭಕ್ತರನ್ನು ಎಂದೆಂದೂ ವಂಚಿಸದ ನೀನು, ಶ್ರೀ ಹರಿಯನು ಅನುಗಾಲವೂ ನೆನೆವಂತೆ ಅನುಗ್ರಹಿಸು.

ಮಾತುಂಗವರದ ಜಗನ್ನಾಥವಿಠ್ಠಲನ ಸಂಪ್ರೀತಿಯಿಂದ ಭಜಿಸಿ ಸಾರೂಪ್ಯ  |

ಸಾರೂಪ್ಯವೈದಿ ವಿಖ್ಯಾತಿಯುತನಾದೆ ಜಗದೊಳು |

ಮಾತಂಗವರದ ಅಂದರೆ ಗಜರಾಜನಿಗೆ ಒಲಿದ ಜಗನ್ನಾಥಥವಿಠಲನ್ನು ಸಂಪ್ರೀತಿಯಿಂದ ಉಪಾಸನೆ ಮಾಡಿ ಸಾರೂಪ್ಯವನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿ ಜಗದೊಳು ಖ್ಯಾತಿಯಾಗಿರುವೆ.  (ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಗಜಮುಖನಿಗೆ ಸಾರೂಪ್ಯವನ್ನು ಜಗನ್ನಾಥದಾಸರು ಹೇಳಿದ್ದಾರೆ.  ಆದರೆ ಅದರ ಅರ್ಥ ಸಾರೂಪ್ಯ ಮೋಕ್ಷವೆಂಬುದಲ್ಲ.  ಜಗಮುಖನಿಗಿರುವ ಆನೆಯ ಮುಖ ಪರಮಾತ್ಮನ ವಿಶ್ವಭರನ ೧೯ನೇ ಮುಖವನ್ನು ಹೋಲಿಕೆಯಿರುವುದಾಗಿ ಶ್ರೀಹರಿಯ ಅನುಗ್ರಹವಿರುವುದರಿಂದ ಸಾರೂಪ್ಯವೆಂದು ಚಿಂತಿಸಬೇಕು)

 

 

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