Yama dwiteeya

Yama Dwiteeya- Bhaginee hastena bhojana

When it is to be observed ?

 

Yamadharma

Yamuna river

 

“Yama Dwitiya” is observed on the second day of the Shukla Paksha in Kartika maasa  and is one of the celebrations during the five days of Diwali.  This is to be observed in the noon by worshipping Yama dharmaraja.   Yama Dvitiya ಯಮ ದ್ವಿತೀಯ is associated with Lord Yama Dharmaraja, the god of Death, visiting his sister Yamuna (river), the daughter of Surya, and is a symbol of love between brothers and sisters.    On that day, one has to do the pooja of  Yama, Chitragupta and other servants of Yama dharmaraja.   Ofcourse, we have to do  the anusandhana of tadantargatha Bharateeramana mukhya praanantargatha Sri Lakshmi Narasimhayanamaha.  We have to give argya to Yamadharmaraja.  If we do some pooja for their brothers, they will have dheerghayassu and the sister will have soubhagya.  On this day, brothers shall have meals in the sister’s house invariably.  That is the blessings by Yamuna when he ate in his sister’s house.  On that day the svagruha bhojana is nishiddha.  On Yamadwiteeya day the brothers have to give Nuthana vastra, abharana, to his sisters.

 

Story behind Yama dwiteeya –

Once, Yamadharma, the Narakalokadhipathi,  visited his sister, Yamuna, on the second day of the Shukla Paksha in Kartika maasa after Diwali.  Yamuna welcomed her brother by applying the auspicious tilaka on his forehead. Then the brother and sister exchanged gifts. Yamuna also served Yamadharmaraja with his favorite dishes.  Yama who was overwhelmed by the love of his sister is believed to have said to Yamuna that who receives Tilak from his sister will have to never suffer hell.  Since then “Yama Dwitiya” is observed as a symbol of love and affection between brothers and sisters.

 

ಯಮದ್ವಿತೀಯ – ಭಗೀನೀ ಹಸ್ತೇನ ಭೋಜನ
ಕಾರ್ತೀಕಮಾಸ ಶುಕ್ಲಪಕ್ಷದ ದ್ವಿತೀಯದಂದು ಸಹೋದರರು ವಿವಾಹಿತರಾದ ಸಹೋದರಿಯರ ಮನೆಗೆ ಹೋಗಿ ಭೋಜನ ಸ್ವೀಕರಿಸುವುದು ಇಂದಿನ ವಿಶೇಷ. ಯಮಧರ್ಮರಾಜ ತನ್ನ ಸಹೋದರಿ ಯಮುನಳ (ನದಿ ಯಮುನ, ಸೂರ್ಯ-ಸಂಜ್ಞಾದೇವಿಯರ ಪುತ್ರಿ), ಮನೆಗೆ ಹೋಗಿ ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಅವಳು ನೀಡಿದ ಆಥಿತ್ಯ ಸ್ವೀಕರಿಸಿ ಅವಳನ್ನು ಅನುಗ್ರಹಿಸಿದ ಕುರುಹಾಗಿ ಈ ದಿನವನ್ನು ಆಚರಿಸಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಈದಿನ ಸಹೋದರಿಯ ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಭೋಜನ ಸ್ವೀಕರಿಸಿದ ಸಹೋದರನಿಗೆ ಧೀರ್ಘಾಯಸ್ಸನ್ನು ಯಮಧರ್ಮರಾಜನು ಅನುಗ್ರಹಿಸಿದ್ದಾನೆ.  ಸಹೋದರನಿಗೆ ಭೋಜನವಿತ್ತ ಸಹೋದರಿಗೆ ವೈಧವ್ಯವು ಪರಿಹಾರವಾಗುವುದು

Argyamantra –

EhyEhi maartaanDaja paashahasta yamaantakaalEKakadharaamarEsha |
bhraatRudvitIyaakRutadEvapOjaam gRuhaaNa chaarGyam bhagavan namastE |
ಏಹ್ಯೇಹಿ ಮಾರ್ತಾಂಡಜ ಪಾಶಹಸ್ತ ಯಮಾಂತಕಾಲೇಖಕಧರಾಮರೇಶ |
ಭ್ರಾತೃದ್ವಿತೀಯಾಕೃತದೇವಪೂಜಾಂ ಗೃಹಾಣ ಚಾರ್ಘ್ಯಂ ಭಗವನ್ ನಮಸ್ತೇ |

After pooja, we have to do namaskara to Yama and Yamune.

dharmaraaja namastubhyam namastE yamunaagraja |
paahi maam kinkarai: saardham sUryaputra namOstutE |
yamasvasarnamastEstu yamunE lOkapUjitE |
varadaa bhava mE nityam sUryaputrim namOstutu tE |
ಧರ್ಮರಾಜ ನಮಸ್ತುಭ್ಯಂ ನಮಸ್ತೇ ಯಮುನಾಗ್ರಜ |
ಪಾಹಿ ಮಾಂ ಕಿಂಕರೈ: ಸಾರ್ಧಂ ಸೂರ್ಯಪುತ್ರ ನಮೋಸ್ತುತೇ |
ಯಮಸ್ವಸರ್ನಮಸ್ತೇಸ್ತು ಯಮುನೇ ಲೋಕಪೂಜಿತೇ |
ವರದಾ ಭವ ಮೇ ನಿತ್ಯಮ್ ಸೂರ್ಯಪುತ್ರಿಂ ನಮೋsಸ್ತುತು ತೇ |

 

If there is no sister, he can go to his friends’ sister’s house or can go to his sodaratte (mother-in law) house.  

After the bhojana, the brother has to serve gift to his sister.   

 

Source : Chaitraadi maasa kartavyagalu by Sri Chaturvedi Vedavyasachar
Sumadhwa Seva © 2013