↑ Return to Festivals

upakarma Utsarjana

UPAKARMA – CLICK

Yagnopaveetha Dharana krama in Sanskrit

Yagnopaveetha Dharana Krama in Kannada

Yagnopaveetha Dharana Krama in English

Yagnopaveetha Dharana Vidhi in Telugu

What is Upakarma?

Upakarma, means “Beginning”  and it is historically, the day was considered auspicious for beginning the Vedic studies.   This is on this day one has to start study of Vedas after doing samarpana of what he has studied in the earlier years.  Without doing Utsarjana and Upakarma, one will not get punya even if he does veda parayana, japa, etc.

When is the day for upakarma?

Rigveda   – Shravana Hunnime with Shravana nakshatra
Yajurveda – Shravana Hunnime
Samaveda – Shravana Masa when Hasta Nakshatra falls
Rugveda Upakarma is done normally on Shravana Hunnime with Shravana Nakshatra.  But Yajurveda  Upakarma is done normally on Shravana Hunnime itself.

 
Who are all to do Upakarma and Utsarjana –
a.       All Brahmacharis, Gruhastas, Vanaprasthas to do upakarma and utsarjana.
b.      All Vedaas Rugvedees, Yajurvedees, Samavedees and Atharvana Vedees to do upakarma and utsarjana.

Necessity of Upakarma
geetI, shIGrI, shira:kaMpi, tathaa liKitapaaThaka: |
anarthajnO,alpakaMThashcha paDEtE paaThakaadhamaa:||paaNinIshikShaa)
ಗೀತೀ, ಶೀಘ್ರೀ, ಶಿರ:ಕಂಪಿ, ತಥಾ ಲಿಖಿತಪಾಠಕ: |
ಅನರ್ಥಜ್ಞೋ, ಅಲ್ಪಕಂಠಶ್ಚ ಪಡೇತೇ ಪಾಠಕಾಧಮಾ:||ಪಾಣಿನೀಶಿಕ್ಷಾ)

While chanting Vedaas/ others, sometimes, a) we will chant in a wrong style, b) We will chant very urgently for some urgent work, c) We will unnecessarily shake our head while chanting Vedaas,  d) Some times, there will be mistake in the print of the Vedaas itself e) We will not be knowing the meaning of the Veda mantra, but chanting f) While chanting Vedaas, we will talk with others, do some jokes,  g) mantraheena, svara varna dosha, etc.

To overcome all these sins, upakarma is a must.

Importance of The Janivara or Yagnopaveeta, the sacred thread  –
i.        Three thread Janivara  symbolic of three debts one need to pay —to the teacher, to the Gods, and to the forefathers according to Taittareeya Samhita.
ii.       It also stands symbolically of Brahma Vishnu Maheshwara Sannidhana.
iii.      It also symbolizes the main Vedas Rug, Yajur and Samavedas.
iv.     It also symbolizes the three characters, the Gunaas – Sattva, Rajas and Tamo Guna.

It is said in Saamaveda Chandogya-sootra, that drawing one strand from each Veda, Brahma made a composite string of three strands. Vishnu multiplied it by three with knowledge, action and worship. Chanting the Gaayatri Mantra Shiva tied an eternal knot..      In this way Yagnopaveeta comprises of nine threads. Nine threads represent nine divinities. The first: Omkaara, the second: Agni, The third: naaga,  the fourth: Soma (Chandra), the fifth: pitrugalu (forefathers); the sixth: Prajaapati ; the seventh: Vaayu, the eighth: Surya,  and the ninth: Vishwedevategalu.

Even though the main function of Upakarma is Yagnopaveetha Dharana, it involves many procedures.

a. Samarpana of what we have studied from previous Upakarma to this Upakarma to Vedavyasadevaru which is termed as “Utsarjana”. All Brahmins must study Vedaas and other Madhwa Shastraas.

b. The purohit or the Achar will teach us some of the Veda Mantras of all the Chaturvedaas, i.e, atleast one or two lines from each Vedas. Actually one is supposed to study all the Veda mantras.  As many of us will not have studied the vedas, we would be formally doing the samarpana with one or two lines from the vedas

c. The purohit also teaches one line of Brahmasootra, Sarvamoola granthas, etc as a mark of start of Study of Vedas and other Shastra granthas. We must continue to study further. But in majority of the cases, our study will stop on that day itself.

d. This auspicious day also happens to be the day when Srimannaaraayana took the incarnation of Hayagreeva devaru. Hayagreeva devaru is worshipped as the God of Knowledge and he is the upasya moorthy of Sri Vadirajaru. Hayagreeva, is one of the early incarnations. Lord Vishnu took to restore the Vedas and give them back to Brahma. Vedas were stolen and hidden at the bottom of the sea by the demon killed retrieved the Vedas and restored them to Brahma for the benefit of mankind. In this incarnation, the head is of a horse while the rest of the body is of a human, possessing four hands.

e. Nobody is entitled to perform any other Samskaara without having gone through the Yagnoopaveeta samskaara according to Manusmriti. Brahmins are well aware of the need of the Yagnopaveeta (sacred thread) perform the ceremony, and also adorn life-long, yagnopaveeta. One must undergo Yagnopaveeta Samskaara before the Vivaaha Samskaara (marriage ceremony). Similarly, Shraaddha karma is not valid unless the kartru had undergone the yagnopaveeta samskaara. Even when a person does not wear a yagnopaveeta regularly, priests insist upon it during specific periods, during rituals.

f. Tarpana – On this day, we (Tarpanaadhikarigalu) have to give Pitru Tarpana to forefathers, Gurugalu, and others. Apart from forefathers, everybody has to give tarpana to Rishis.

g. Everybody has to perform Upakarma – All brahmanas should perform upakarma homa invariably. Only for those who are having Soothaka or Vrudhi during the said period, they need not do Upakarma on that day. However, after the soothaka or vrudhi is completed, they must do the Upakarma homa and have the yagnopaveetha changed.

k. Why some people wear two or three or four janivaaras?–

First Janivaara – For Nitya Karmanustana Yogyata siddyartam – A Brahmachari must wear only one set
Second Janivaara represents Gruhastashrama Yogyata siddyartham – for a Gruhastashrami
Third Janivaara – For uttareeyaartham (Those who are having Jeevan pitru or Jyesta Bratru need not wear uttareeya. They are the uttareeyam for him)
Fourth Janivaara – additional janivara for Daana to others in case of exigencies.

What is Utsarjana? Samarpana of what we have studied from previous Upakarma to this Upakarma to Vedavyasadevaru which is termed as “Utsarjana”. All Brahmins must study Vedaas and other Madhwa Shastraas.

Rushees worshipped during Upakarma : –
Rugveda – All Sapta Rushees viz., Kashyapa, Atri, Bharadwaja, Viswamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, (Arundhati Sahita) Vasista would be invited (avaahana) in darbe.
Yajurveda – Nava Rushees viz., Prajapathi, Soma, Agni, Vishwedevaas, saagamhitee, yaajnikee, varuni, brahmanag svayambhuva;

Panchagavya Prashana –
We must also do samarpana of the panchagavya and have the prashana on this day.  This panchagavya prashana for the removal of sins committed during the last one year.

Viraja homa –   Raja means – sin, viraja – means removing the sins.  On this day, Yajurvedees also are doing the Viraja homa apart from Panchagavya prashana.  For home they use ellu, rice flour, ghee mishrana.

Dashavidha snaana – During Upakarma, all must have dashavidha snaana –
i.e.,  i) Bhasma snaana  ii) gomaya snaana, iii) mrudasnaana  iv) doorvasnaana,  v) tirthasnaana, vi) ksheerasnaana, vii) dadhisnaana, viii) grutasnaana, ix) kushodaka snaana,   x) doorva snaana
 
Source :
Sri Chaturvedi Vedavyasachar’s Rujveda Yajurveda Utsarjana Upakarma Prayoga book.
Collection by : Narahari Sumadhwa

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

070-410 exam JN0-102 exam 70-411 exam C_TADM51_731 exam C4090-958 exam 70-483 exam EX300 exam 070-461 exam MB2-702 exam MB7-702 exam 220-802 exam 400-101 exam 646-206 exam 700-501 exam 70-480 exam C4040-108 exam MB2-701 exam 070-411 exam 100-101 exam 640-554 exam 700-505 exam 70-457 exam 70-460 exam C2150-197 exam EX0-001 exam 070-243 exam 70-466 exam C_THR12_66 exam C4040-225 exam 1Z0-061 exam 70-347 exam C4090-452 exam VCP-550 exam 070-177 exam 070-412 exam 70-417 exam 70-463 exam 70-488 exam C_HANATEC131 exam C2090-303 exam C2090-614 exam 70-331 exam MB5-705 exam 070-247 exam 070-347 exam 070-463 exam 300-206 exam 70-243 exam 74-325 exam C2020-622 exam C2030-283 braindumps C2090-540 braindumps C2180-278 braindumps HP0-J73 braindumps ICBB braindumps 070-246 braindumps 070-341 braindumps 070-417 braindumps 070-457 braindumps 070-458 braindumps 1Z0-481 braindumps 1Z0-599 braindumps 300-207 braindumps 70-246 braindumps 70-414 braindumps A00-240 braindumps C_TAW12_731 braindumps C4030-670 braindumps C4040-224 braindumps C4090-450 braindumps C4120-783 braindumps EX200 braindumps MB2-700 braindumps MB3-700 braindumps MB6-869 braindumps OG0-093 braindumps VCP-510 braindumps VCP550 braindumps 070-178 braindumps 070-331 braindumps 070-467 braindumps 070-667 braindumps 070-684 braindumps 070-687 braindumps 1Z0-051 braindumps 1Z0-060 braindumps 1Z0-478 braindumps 1Z0-485 braindumps 1Z0-897 braindumps 200-120 braindumps 220-801 braindumps 500-201 braindumps 70-346 braindumps 70-412 test 70-458 test 70-486 test 820-421 test 820-422 test C2170-008 test C2180-275 test C2180-276 test C4040-123 test JN0-343 test M70-201 test M70-301 test NS0-504 test 70-410 test PW0-204 test 3001 test 050-720 test 070-480 test 070-487 test 1Z0-062 test 1Z0-597 test 1Z0-899 test 250-310 test 350-018 test 400-051 test 70-178 test 70-331 test 70-413 test 70-465 test 70-467 test 70-484 test 70-485 test 74-338 test 74-344 test 810-420 test 98-367 test C_HANASUP_1 test C_TSCM52_66 test C2010-571 test C2040-988 test C4040-226 test C4120-782 test CISSP test CPCM test M70-101 test MB6-700 test MB7-701 test VCAD510 test 3605 test 7303 test 000-563 test 070-337 test 070-414 test 070-459 test 070-460 test 400-101 test 70-410 test 050-SEPROAUTH-02 test 200-120 test MB2-703 test 070-462 test 70-462 test 70-461 test 070-410 test JN0-102 test 70-411 test C_TADM51_731 test C4090-958 test 70-483 test EX300 test 070-461 test MB2-702 test MB7-702 test 220-802 test 400-101 test 646-206 test