General सामान्य ज्ञान 1

१. भारतस्य प्रथम स्वातंत्र्यसंग्रामः कस्मिन् वत्सरे अभूत् ?





२. वारक्रमस्य आरंभः कुतः भवति ?





३. अमेरिका देशस्य अद्यतन अध्यक्षः कः ?





४. भगवद्गीतायां कति अध्यायाः संति ?





५. भारतस्य आदि कविः कः ?





६. कर्नाटक राज्यस्य प्रथम विश्वविद्यालयः कः ?





७. कर्नाटक संगीतस्य पितामहः कः ?





८. गणेश चतुर्थी कस्मिन् मासे प्रचलति ?





९. शत्रुघ्नस्य माता का ?





१०. दध्यत्र इत्यत्र कः संधिः ?







Sarvamoola

Please go to Sarvamoola to view the quiz
Sarva moola –  “Sarva” is one of the names of Srihari.  Acharya Madhwa in almost all his grantha has established the sarvottamattva of Srihari, who himself is the “moola” for every thing.  As such, Sarva moola denotes Srihari and his Sarvottamatva and vyapakatva.
Acharya Granthas gives the way for saadhana of Moksha – As such, it is Sarvamoola.
Acharya Granthas condemns sarva durmathaas,  – as such, it is “Sarvamoola”
Acharya Granthas has explained Vedopanishat, Itihaasa, purana, sootra, puranaas – As such, it is “Sarvamoola”
As Acharya Granthas is the way for the saadhana of all from ordinary people to devataas, it is “Sarva moola”.
Mahavishnu nis sarva shabda vaachya, the gist of the Acharya granthas also is “Vishnu Sarvottamatva pratipaadane” – it is Sarvamoola.
As Acharya Granthas denotes through pratyaksha, anumana, agama about the jagat janmaadi karanatva of Srihari, it is Sarvamoola
As whatever Acharya Madhwa has quoted are all found in the moola granthas, shruti, veda itself, it is Sarvamoola

Sumadhwa Vijaya 3

Please go to Sumadhwa Vijaya 3 to view the quiz

Sumadhwa Vijaya 2

Please go to Sumadhwa Vijaya 2 to view the quiz

Sumadhwa Vijaya

Please go to Sumadhwa Vijaya to view the quiz

kaveri snaana “ಕಾವೇರಿ ಸ್ನಾನ”

Kaveri Stotra in Kannadaclick

Kaveri Stotra in Sanskrit – click

(author of Kaveri Stotra – Sri Vidyavachaspathi Tirtharu)

ಶ್ರೀ ಕಾವೇರಿ ಗಂಗಾದಿ ನದಿ ದೇವಿಯರನ್ನು ಹೇಗೆ ನೋಡಬೇಕು?
ನಾವು ಕಾಣುವ ಮಿಂದುವ ನೀರೇ ಕಾವೇರಿಯೋ, ಗಂಗೆಯೋ, ಯಮುನೆಯೋ ಅಥವಾ ಬೇರೆ ರೂಪವೂ ಇರುತ್ತದೋ  ಎಂದರೆ ೨ ರೂಪವೂ ಉಂಟು.  ಅದರಲ್ಲಿ ನೀರು ಜಡವಾದ ರೂಪ, ಅದಕ್ಕಿಂತ ಭಿನ್ನವಾದ ಮತ್ತೊಂದು ಚೇತನ ರೂಪ, ಇವೆರಡೂ ಪರಮಾದರಣೀಯವಾದವು.  ಅದರಲ್ಲೂ ತಾರತಮ್ಯವುಂಟು.

ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯವಾಗಿ ನಾವು ಕಾವೇರಿ ಇತ್ಯಾದಿ ಸ್ನಾನ ಮಾಡುವಾಗ ಗಂಗಾಸ್ನಾನ ಮಾಡಿದ ಫಲ ಬರುವುದೆಂದು ತಿಳಿದು ಸ್ನಾನ ಮಾಡುತ್ತೇವೆ.  ಆದರೆ ಈ ಕಾವೇರಿಯೇ ಗಂಗೆಯೇ?….    ನಾವು ಕಾಣುವ ಕಾವೇರಿಯಾಗಲೀ, ಯಮುನೆಯಾಗಲೀ, ಗೋದಾವರಿಯಾಗಲಿ, ತುಂಗೆಯಾಗಲೀ ಗಂಗೆಯಲ್ಲ.

How we have to see the rivers?

While doing bath in the river – we should do the chintana as – The river itself is not Ganga, kaveri.  It is a jadaatmaka. In the river, there is bhinna roopa i.e.. Chetana roopa of Ganga, Kaveri, etc.  There is taratamya also in the river.  In the rivers, there is sannidhana of samasta tirthabhimani devategalu.  With them, their pathis (husbands), and their wives (in case of male rivers).  In them we must do the chintana of Gaanga saannidhya.  We must think the ganga devi antargata Bharatiramana mukyapranantargata ksheerabdhishaayi, shrI Lakshmi Narayana.  We must do the chintana that the snaana what we are doing is not for us.  But it is abhisheka for Lakshmi Ramana.  We should do the prokshana of river water in shanka mudra (in shanka there is saaniddhya.  Not only, that we don’t have the yogyate to do the snaana for Srihari, only Lakshmi can do that.  As such we must do the chintana).  Then we must have the regular bath.

ನಾವು ಅನುಸಂಧಾನ ಮಾಡಬೇಕಾದ ವಿಧಾನ –  ಈ ನೀರೇ ಗಂಗೆಯಲ್ಲ, ಅದರಲ್ಲಿ ಸಕಲ ತೀರ್ಥಾಭಿಮಾನಿ ದೇವತೆಗಳೂ ಇರುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಅವರ ಜೊತೆಗೆ ಅವರ ಪತಿಗಳೂ,  ಅವರ ಪತ್ನಿಯರೂ (ಗಂಡು ನದಿಗಳಾದರೆ), ಇದ್ದು, ಅವರೊಳಗೆ ಗಂಗಾ ನದಿಯ ಸಾನ್ನಿಧ್ಯವನ್ನು ಅನುಸಂಧಾನ ಮಾಡಿ, ಆ ಗಂಗಾದೇವಿಯ ಅಂತರ್ಗತನಾದ ಭಾರತೀರಮಣ ಮುಖ್ಯಪ್ರಾಣಾಂತರ್ಗತ ಕ್ಷೀರಾಬ್ಧಿಶಾಯಿ, ಶ್ರೀ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀನಾರಾಯಣನಿಗೆ ನಮಸ್ಕರಿಸಿ, ಈ ಸ್ನಾನ ನಮಗಲ್ಲ, ನಮಗೊಳಗಿರುವ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀರಮಣನಿಗೆ ಅಭಿಷೇಕ ಎಂದು ಅನುಸಂಧಾನ ಮಾಡಿ, ಶಂಖಮುದ್ರೆಯಿಂದ ನೀರನ್ನು ಪ್ರೋಕ್ಷಿಸಿಕೊಂಡು (ಶಂಖದಲ್ಲಿ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮಿಯ ಸಾನ್ನಿಧ್ಯವಿರುವುದರಿಂದ – ಶಂಖಮುದ್ರೆಯಿಂದ ಪ್ರೋಕ್ಷಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳಬೇಕು. ಅಷ್ಠೇ ಅಲ್ಲ ಪರಮಾತ್ಮನಿಗೆ ಸ್ನಾನ ಮಾಡಿಸಲು ನಮಗೆ ಯೋಗ್ಯತೆ ಇಲ್ಲ, ಆದ್ದರಿಂದ ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಲಕ್ಶ್ಮಿಯನ್ನು ಅನುಸಂಧಾನ ಮಾಡಬೇಕು), ನಂತರ ಸ್ನಾನ ಮಾಡಬೇಕು.

We must not spit in rivers, never do malamootra visarjana, never wash our clothes, don’t use soap.  Ofcourse some other people may be doing.  As they do not know the importance of Rivers, they are doing.  If possible, we must also tell them not to do.

ನದಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಉಗುಳಬಾರದು, ನದಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಮಲಮೂತ್ರ ವಿಸರ್ಜನ ಮಾಡಬಾರದು, ಬಟ್ಟೆ ಒಗೆಯಬಾರದು, ಸೋಪು ಹಾಕಿಕೊಳ್ಳಬಾರದು.  ಬೇರೆಯವರು ಮಾಡುತ್ತಾರಲ್ಲ ಅಂತ ಭಾವಿಸಬೇಡಿ – ಅವರಿಗೆ ಸ್ನಾನದ ಮಹತ್ವ ತಿಳಿದಿರುವುದಿಲ್ಲ, ಅವರು ಮಾಡುತ್ತಾರೆ, ನಾವು ಅವರನ್ನು ಅನುಸರಿಸಬಾರದು.  ಸಾಧ್ಯವಾದರೆ ಅವರಿಗೂ ತಿಳಿಹೇಳಬೇಕು.

Before putting our legs in the rivers, we must have first washed our lega outside.  First we must have the prokshana. Then enter the river.  While doing snaana in the river, we must do the chintana of all the rivers.  We must also do the chintana of kshetravaasi devategalu.

ನದಿಗೆ ಕಾಲಿಡುವ ಮೊದಲು ನಮ್ಮ ಕೈಕಾಲು ಹೊರಗಡೆ ತೊಳೆದುಕೊಂಡು ಬಂದು ಶುಚಿರ್ಭೂತರಾಗಿ, ಒಮ್ಮೆ ನೀರನ್ನು ಕೈಯಿಂದ ತೆಗೆದುಕೊಂಡು ಪ್ರೋಕ್ಷಿಸಿಕೊಂಡು ನಂತರ ನದಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ನಾವು ಸ್ನಾನಕ್ಕೆ ಇಳಿಯಬೇಕು.

ನದಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸ್ನಾನ ಮಾಡುವಾಗ ಎಲ್ಲ ನದಿದೇವತೆಗಳನ್ನೂ ಸ್ಮರಿಸಬೇಕು.

ಗಂಗಾಸಿಂಧುಸರಸ್ವತೀಚ ಯಮುನಾ ಗೋದಾವರೀ ನರ್ಮದಾ |
ಕೃಷ್ಣಾಭೀಮರತೀ ಚ ಫಲ್ಘುಸರಯೋ ಶ್ರೀಗಂಡಕೀ ಗೋಮತೀ |
ಕಾವೇರೀ ಕಪಿಲಾಪ್ರಯಾಗವಿನುತಾ ನೇತ್ರಾವತೀತ್ಯಾದಯೋ |
ನದ್ಯ: ಶ್ರೀಹರಿಪಾದಪಂಕಜಭವಾ: ಕುರ್ವಂತು ನೋರ್ಮಂಗಲಂ ||

गंगासिंधू सरस्वती च यमुना गोदावरी नर्मदा ।
कृष्णा भीमरती च फल्घुसरयू श्री गंडकी गोमती ।
कावेरी कपिलाप्रयाग विनता नेत्रावतीत्यादयो
नद्य: श्री हरिपादपंकज भवा: कुर्वंतुनो मंगळं ।

ನಂತರ ಒಮ್ಮೆ ನೀರಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಮುಳುಗಿ; Prokshana mantra

apavitra: pavitrOvaa sarvaavasthaaM gatOpivaa |
ya: smarEt puMDarIkaakShaM sa baahyaabhyaMtarashuchi:|
अपवित्र: पवित्रोवा सर्वावस्थां गतोपिवा ।
य: स्मरेत् पुंडरीकाक्षं स बाह्याभ्यंतरशुचि:।

ಅಪವಿತ್ರ: ಪವಿತ್ರೋವಾ ಸರ್ವಾವಸ್ಥಾಂ ಗತೋಪಿವಾ |
ಯ: ಸ್ಮರೇತ್ ಪುಂಡರೀಕಾಕ್ಷಂ ಸ ಬಾಹ್ಯಾಭ್ಯಂತರಶುಚಿ: |
ಎಂಬ ಮಂತ್ರದಿಂದ ಪ್ರೋಕ್ಷಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳಬೇಕು.

ಸಾಧ್ಯವಾದರೆ ವಾದಿರಾಜ ಗುರುಸಾರ್ವಭೌಮರ
“ತೀರ್ಥಪ್ರಬಂಧ”ವನ್ನು ಒಮ್ಮೆ ಅಧ್ಯಯನ ಮಾಡಿ ಆ ತೀರ್ಥಕ್ಷೇತ್ರದ ಬಗ್ಯೆ ಮಾಹಿತಿಯನ್ನು ತಿಳಿದುಕೊಂಡು ಅವರು ಹೇಳಿದಂತೆ ಅನುಸಂಧಾನ ಮಾಡಬೇಕು.

ಕಾರ್ತೀಕ ಸ್ನಾನ ಸಂಕಲ್ಪ – ಶ್ರೀರಂಗಪಟ್ಟಣದಲ್ಲಿ

praNamasyaa…..  shrI ………… saMvatsarE, ………. AyaNE, ……….Rutou……..,  maasE, ……..  pakShE,  ………..tithou,     , ….. vaasarE, shrI bhaaratIramaNa muKyapraaNaaMtargata shrI lakShmI narasiMha/vEMkaTEsha prEraNaya,  ……prItyarthaM, sakala gaMgaadi tIrthaabhimaani sannidhou, shrI raMganaatha sannidhou, ashwattha sannidhou, kaartIka tulaamaasa prayukta gaMgaasnaanamahaM kariShyE,
प्रणमस्या…..  श्री ………… संवत्सरे, ………. आयणे, ……….ऋतौ……..,  मासे, ……..  पक्षे,  ………..तिथौ,     , ….. वासरे, श्री भारतीरमण मुख्यप्राणांतर्गत श्री लक्ष्मी नरसिंह/वेंकटेश प्रेरणय,  ……प्रीत्यर्थं, सकल गंगादि तीर्थाभिमानि सन्निधौ, श्री रंगनाथ सन्निधौ, अश्वत्थ सन्निधौ, कार्तीक तुलामास प्रयुक्त गंगास्नानमहं करिष्ये

ಪ್ರಣಮಸ್ಯ…………………………..ಶ್ರೀ ವಿರೋಧೀನಾಮಸಂವತ್ಸರೇ, ದಕ್ಷಿಣಾಯಣೇ, ಶರದೃತು, ಕಾರ್ತೀಕಮಾಸೇ,………ಪಕ್ಷೇ……ತಿಥೌ, …….ವಾಸರೇ, ಭಾರತೀರಮಣ ಮುಖ್ಯಪ್ರಾಣಾಂತರ್ಗತ ಶ್ರೀ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀ ನರಸಿಂಹ/ವೆಂಕಟೇಶ ಪ್ರೇರಣೆಯ,……….ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ,ಸಕಲ ಗಂಗಾದಿತೀರ್ಥಾಭಿಮಾನಿ ಸನ್ನಿಧೌ, ಶ್ರೀರಂಗನಾಥ ಸನ್ನಿಧೌ, ಅಶ್ವತ್ಥ ಸನ್ನಿಧೌ, ಕಾರ್ತೀಕ ತುಲಾಮಾಸ ಪ್ರಯುಕ್ತ ಗಂಗಾಸ್ನಾನಮಹಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ.

ಕಾರ್ತೀಕ ಸ್ನಾನ ಮಂತ್ರಕಾರ್ತಿಕೇಹಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯಾಮಿ ಪ್ರಾತಸ್ನಾನಂ ಜನಾರ್ದನ,
ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ತವ ದೇವೇಶ ದಾಮೋದರ ತ್ವಯಾ ಸಹ |
ಧ್ಯಾತ್ವಾಹಂ ತ್ವಾಂಚ ದೇವೇಶ ಜಲೇಸ್ಮಿನ್ ಸ್ನಾತುಮುದ್ಯತ
ತವ ಪ್ರಸಾದಾತ್ ಪಾಪಂ ಮೇ ದಾಮೋದರ ವಿನಶ್ಯತು |

कार्तिकेहं करिष्यामि प्रातस्नानं जनार्दन,
प्रीत्यर्थं तव देवेश दामोदर त्वया सह ।
ध्यात्वाहं त्वांच देवेश जलेस्मिन् स्नातुमुद्यत
तव प्रसादात् पापं मे दामोदर विनश्यतु ।

ಅರ್ಘ್ಯಮಂತ್ರ
ನಮ: ಕಮಲನಾಭಾಯ ನಮಸ್ತೇ ಜಲಶಾಯಿನೇ |
ನಮಸ್ತೇಸ್ತು ಹೃಷೀಕೇಶ ಗೃಹಾಣಾರ್ಘ್ಯಂ ನಮೋಸ್ತುತೇ |
ವ್ರತಿನ: ಕಾರ್ತಿಕೇ ಮಾಸಿ ಸ್ನಾತಸ್ಯ ವಿಧಿವನ್ಮಮ |
ಗೃಹಾಣಾರ್ಘ್ಯಂ ಮಯಾದತ್ತಂ ದನುಜೇಂದ್ರನಿಷೂದನ |
ನಿತ್ಯನೈಮಿತ್ತಿಕೇ ಕೃಷ್ಣ ಕಾರ್ತಿಕೇ ಪಾಪನಾಶನೇ |
ಗೃಹಾಣಾರ್ಘ್ಯಂ ಮಯಾ ದತ್ತಂ ರಾಧಯಾ ಸಹಿತೋ ಹರೇ ||

नम: कमलनाथाय नमस्ते जलशायिने ।
नमस्तेस्तु हृशीकेश गृहाणार्घ्यम् नमोस्तु ते ।
व्रतिन: कार्तिके मासि स्नातस्य विधिवन्मम ।
गृहाणार्घ्यम् मया दत्तं दनुजेंद्र निशूदन ।
नित्य नैमित्तिके कृष्ण कार्तिके पाप नाशिने ।
गृहाणर्घ्यम् मया दत्तं राधया सहितो हरे ।

ಕಾವೇರಿ ನದಿ ಸ್ತೋತ್ರ
“ಓಮ್ ಕಾವೇರ್‍ಯೈ ನಮ:”   “ಓಮ್ ಅಗಸ್ತ್ಯ ಪತ್ನ್ಯೈ ನಮ:”   “ಓಮ್ ಸರ್ವಪಾವನ್ಯೈ ನಮ:”  “ಓಮ್ ಮಹಾ ಪುಣ್ಯಾಯೈ ನಮ:”
“ಓಮ್ ಸ್ನಾನ ಮಾತ್ರೇಣ ಸರ್ವ ಪಾಪ ಪ್ರಸಮನ್ಯೈ ನಮ:”   “ಓಮ್ ಮೋಕ್ಷದಾತ್ರ್ಯೈ ನಮ:”

(This is as per the directions of paramapoojya, prata: smaraNIya srI dEvEmdra tirtha sripadangalavaru)

VALMIKI JAYANTI

PDF FILE ON VALMIKI

Valmiki’s real name was Ratnakara. He was the son of Prachetasa, a sage.   Before this Valmiki was a robber by profession.  Later with the teachings of Maharshi Narada he became a Rushi.

What is Valmiki –   Valmika in Devanagari means “ant- hill”

Once when he was a very young boy, he had gone to the forest playing and was lost in the forest.   His parents searched for him but could not trace him.  They thought that the boy has been eaten by some wild animals.    An hunter and his wife took the child and brought up the child as if their child.  He was taught of the hunting and he learnt it fully.    Later, the boy grew young and he was married to a girl from another hunter family.   He got children also.  When Ratnakara’s family grew with the addition of children,  he felt it uneasy to maintain his family with the little income.  So, he took to a new profession of Robbery and went on attacking the people for money.

One day Maharshi Narada who was singing in praise of Srihari with Mahati named Veena,  was passing nearby.   Ratnakara, the hunter  saw him,  attacked him, shouted and demanded whatever he has, lest he shall brake his head.  Narada was not fraightened and told him that he has only the Veena, which he offered to give.    Ratnakara saw the smiling, innocent face of  Narada who was never freightened and was astonished at this.   On seeing Narada’s face, Ratnakara’s  cruel mind also melted with kindness.    Narada Maharshi sat beneath a tree and was singing Harinama sankeertana.

Narada Maharshi told Ratnakara that Robbering  and killing of animals is sinful job and asked him to give up that profession.    Narada Maharshi told him to ask his parents, wife and children as to what profession – Robbery is a sin or not?  Ratnakara thought Narada Maharshi is trying to escape from him by sending him to his parents and tied Narada with a rope to a nearby tree and went to his house.

He asked his father “I have been feeding you all by robbery and hunting.  Is it a sinful job?”.  His father told him that they are not happy with his profession and that they are ashamed of his robbery”.  Then he went to his mother, who also gave the same reply.  His wife and children also gave the same reply.    Then he realized that whatever he was doing all these years was a sin and came running to Narada Maharshi and untied him from the tree and apolosized for his misdeeds and asked the Narada Maharshi as to the remedy for the atonement of all the sins committed.   Naradaru taught him the “RAMA RAMA  Mantra” and asked him to sit beneath a tree and chant the mantra until his return.  Narada departed from Ratnakara.

Ratnakara was chanting and chanting Rama mantra continuously amidst rain, sun heat, cold, hot, everything closing his eyes.  He forgot himself.  It went for years.  An ant-hill grew all over his body like a mountain and Rathnakara  was not to be seen  by anybody.     After several years, Narada Maharshi came near the Valmeeka(the ant-hill) cleared the ant-hill and blessed Ratnakara to be a maharshi.  Ratnakara came out of the Valmeeka .  That is why he is called as “Valmiki”.

Who told Valmiki the story of Sri Ramachandra?

One day Narada Maharshi met Valmiki and told him the entire story of Sri Ramachandra – Dasharatha’s putrakamesti yaga,  Ramachandra’s birth, his education, his journey with Vishwamitra and his killing of Tataki, Subahu, his step-mother Kaikeyee’s  order to go to forest, killing of Rakshaas there, missing of Seeta Devi, meeting of Hanumantha-Sugreeva, his journey to Lanka in search of Seeta Devi, killing of Ravana-Kumbakarna, and finally getting back to Ayodhya, ruling of the Kingdom, etc.

What made him to write the “Ramayana” ?

Once Valmiki on his way to Ganga Snaana, came across a stream “tamasa”, seeing the stream was astonished and decided to have his bath in the stream.

When he was looking for a suitable place to step into the stream, he heard sweet chirping of birds, he saw two flying birds together.   He was pleased to see the happy bird couple.   Suddenly the male bird fell from the sky after being hit by an arrow and was wounded.  The spouce bird was screaming in agony.  Then he realized that the bird was hitten by a hunter.  Valmiki’s heart was felt with pity.  Suddenly came out from his lips, the following shloka,

maa nishada pratistham tvamagamahsāsvatI: samaa:
yat kraunchamithunaadekam avadhI: kaamamohitam

This is the first shloka of Ramayana.  It is regarded as the first shloka among all  the puraanaas.  He is regarded as the first Kavi or poet, i.e., “Aadi Kavi”.  Ramayana is also titled as the first Kavya.

Meanwhile Brahmadeva, came and told him to write Ramayana with whatever story he has listen from Narada Maharshi.  He also blessed him to see whatever has happened in the past and whatever he writes will be true.

Valmiki brought up the children of Sri Ramachandra – Lava and Kusha.  Why?

Once after Sri Ramachandra killed Ravana-Kumbakarna and brought back Seeta Devi, was ruling Ayodhya peacefully.  But he heard a citizen of Ayodhya, telling that “Ramachandra had brought back Seetadevi, who was imprisoned by Ravana.  Sri Ramachandra was wrong in bringing back her”.  On hearing this Ramachandra told his brother Lakshmana to take Seetadevi and leave her near a sage’s ashram.

Before this, once when Seetadevi was preagnant.  Ramachandra asked Seetha –“ You are carrying a child.  Any wish you want to fulfil from me?”.  Seetha Devi told “ I don’t have any wish.  But when we were living in forest, we used to go the Ashrama of Rishis but I could not give anything to Rishis.  Now, I would like to spend some time with Rishi’s wives”.  Raama had agreed.

Considering these facts Sri Ramachandra had asked Lakshmana to leave Seeta Devi near the Valmiki Ashrama.    Seetha Devi gave birth to Lava-Kusha, the twins.   As such Seetha Devi was in the Ashrama of Valmiki and Lava-Kusha were brought up there.   Valmiki Maharshi himself taught the children all the Veda Paataa, and adhyayana of Weapons.  He also did the Upanayanam of the children.  He also taught the entire Ramayana to the children – Lava & Kusha.  They were singing all the time and once they sang the Ramayana in front of Sri Ramachandra when Rama came to know that they are his own sons, who were staying with Valmiki.

Ramayana is said to have seven kaandaas viz.,

  1. Baalakaanda – covering the childhood of Ramachandra
  2. Ayodhyakaanda – Covering Dasharatha’s preparation for Pattabhisheka of Ramachandra, and his exile to forest
  3. Aranya kaanda – Covers his stay at forest – kidnapping of seeta – search of Seeta
  4. Kishkinda kaanda – Covers his meet with Hanuman, Killing of Vaali – and pattabhisheka of Sugreeva.
  5. Sundara kaanda – Covers Hanuman’s trip to Lanka, meeting Seeta, Raavana, destryong Lanka etc
  6. Yudda kaanda – Covers fight with Ravaana and his allies, – killing of Ravana & Pattabhisheka of Vibhishena – return to Ayodhya – his reign of the Ayodhya State
  7. Uttara kaanda – Birth of Lava Kusha,  Giving the throne of Ayodhya to Lava Kusha – Rama & Seeta avataara samapti

The great epic “Raamayana” is respected not only in India but also in many countries.  Many western countries have also stored the copies of Ramayana in their libraries.  The same has been translated into many western languages as well.  What Vaalmiki has written is only very brief when compared to the moola Raamayana as told by Acharya Madhwa.  Acharya Madhwa has given tatparya nirnaya of Ramayana in his “Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya” grantha, without leaving the major story anywhere.  He has covered the Ramayana scenes in a proper order in order of their happening.

BY NARAHARI SUMADHWA

EMAIL ID – NARAHARISUMADHWA@YAHOO.IN


Sukruteendra Tirtharu

ಸುವಿದ್ವತ್ಕಮಲೋಲ್ಲಾಸಮಾರ್ತಾಂಡಂ ಸುಗುಣಾಕರಂ
ಸಚ್ಚಾಶಾಸ್ತ್ರಸಕ್ತಹೃದಯಂ ಸುಕೃತೀಂದ್ರಗುರುಂ ಭಜೇ |
सुविद्वत्कमलोल्लासमार्तांडं सुगुणाकरं
सच्चाशास्त्रसक्तहृदयं सुकृतींद्रगुरुं भजे ।
suvidvatkamalōllāsamārtāṁḍaṁ suguṇākaraṁ
saccāśāstrasaktahr̥dayaṁ sukr̥tīṁdraguruṁ bhajē |

Period – 1903-1912
Vrundavana @ Nanjangud
Aradhana – Ashwayuja Shudda Dashami
Ashrama Gurugalu –  Sri Supragnendra Thirtharu
Ashrama Shishyaru – Sri Susheelendra Thirtharu

Saraswathi pooja

Vedavyasa Temple @ Badri Yadavarya Kararchita Vedavyasaru
   Vedavyasa Temple @ Badri                                                  Yadavaarya karaarchita Vedavyasaru
ಜಯತಿ ಪರಾಶರಸೂನು: ಸತ್ಯವತೀ ಹೃದಯನಂದನೋ ವ್ಯಾಸ: |
ಯಸ್ಯ ಪ್ರಸಾದಾದ್ವಕ್ಷ್ಯಾಮಿ ನಾರಾಯಣಕಥಾಮಿಮಾಂ | (ಹರಿವಂಶ)
ಜಯತ್ಯಜೋಽಖಂಡಗುಣೋರುಮಂಡಲ:
ಸದೋದಿತೋ ಜ್ಞಾನಮರೀಚಿಮಾಲೀ |
ಸ್ವಭಕ್ತಹಾರ್ದೋಚ್ಚತಮೋನಿಹಂತಾ-
ವ್ಯಾಸಾವತಾರೋ ಹರಿರಾತ್ಮಭಾಸ್ಕರ: (ಮ.ಭಾ.ತಾ.ನಿ)

saraswathi

ವಾಗ್ವಾಣೀ ಭಾರತೀ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮೀ ಭಾಷಾ ಗೀ: ಶಾರದಾ ಸ್ವರಾ |
ಸರಸ್ವತೀ ಕಾಮಧೇನುರ್ವೇದಗರ್ಭಾಽಕ್ಷತ್ಮಿಕಾ | ೧ |
ದ್ವಾದಶೈತಾನಿ ನಾಮಾನಿ ಸರಸ್ವತ್ಯಾಸ್ತ್ರಿಸಂಧಿಷು |
ಜಪನ್ ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞತಾಂ ಮೇಧಾಂ ವಾಕ್ಪಟುತ್ವಂ ಲಭೇದ್ಧ್ರುವಂ |
ಷಣ್ಮಾಸಾನ್ನಿ:ಸ್ಪೃಹೋ ಲಬ್ದ್ವಾ ಲಭೇಜ್ಞಾನಂ ವಿಮುಕ್ತಿದಂ |
(ಸರಸ್ವತೀ ದ್ವಾದಶನಾಮ ಸ್ತೋತ್ರಂ)

click for Devaranamagalu on Saraswathi

Please click the link for Vedavyasa/Saraswathi  pooja Vidhana (in Kannada)

Click for  Pooja Vidhana in Telugu/Tamil lipi

Click for Pooja Vidhana in Sanskrit Lipi

 

Saraswathi Pooja/Vedavyasa pooja  :

The pooja of Saravaswathi during Navarathri is also called as “Sri Vedavyasa pooja”, “Sri Saraswathi pooja”, “Pustaka pooja”.  As we are doing the pooja of granthas, for which the mukya pratipaadya roopa is Sri Vedavyasa devaru, we have to worship Vedavyasaru.

Ashwayuja Shudda Saptami-Astami when Moola Nakshatra is there.

This time Saraswathi Avahana to be done on 01.10.2013 – in moola nakshatra

POOJA and naivedya to be done in Poorvashada Nakshatra, Uttarashada Nakshatra  and visarjana to be done when Shravana Nakshatra is there.

Saraswathi Visarjane to be done when Shravana Nakshatra is there, it will be usually on Dashami/Ekadashi. – This time visarjana to be done on 4.10.2014

During these days anadhyayana –  No new paata (adhyayana)  to be done-

However, we can do the chintana on these days :

pratasmaraneeya Sri Devendra Tirtharu (Vrundavana @ Mulabagilu) was telling as to how to do chintana of Vedavyasa devaru  : –      The granthas what we are doing the pooja itself is not Vedavyasa Devaru.  In the granthas,  there is the Sannidhana of Chaturkaparda and Ambruni (wives of Vedavyasaru) and Vedavyasa Devaru, which contains the Vishwakarma nirmita idol of paramathma.  He would be humbly worshipped by Brahma, Rudra, Saraswathi, Bharathi, Garuda – Shesha, Sauparni, Vedavyasa Devaru.  Sri Vedavyasa Devaru would be giving the Jnaana to all the devate and the entire world.  We should also do chintana of Hayagreeva, dashaavatara roopi Bhagavan, Saraswathi-, etc., Acharya Madhwa etc.  We must request them to offer Jnaana, bhakthi, vairagya and enable our mind to stay in Vishnu Sarvottama and vayu jeevottama pratipaadane.  

Which are the anadhyayana days?

ಅಮಾವಾಸ್ಯಾಪ್ಯಷ್ಟಮಿ ಚ ಪ್ರತಿಪಚ್ಚ ಚತುರ್ದಶಿ |
ಪೌರ್ಣಮಾಸಿ ಪ್ರಕೀರ್ತ್ಯೇತೇ ಯೇನಧ್ಯಾಯಾ: ಯಥಾತಥಂ |

अमावास्याप्यष्टमि च प्रतिपच्च चतुर्दशि ।
पौर्णमासि प्रकीर्त्येते येनध्याया: यथातथं ।

i.e., Amavasya, Ashtami, Pratipat, Chaturdashi, Pournami.  During these period we must not study new paata, however we can do the chintana manthana of granthas. 

While doing Sri Vedavyasa pooja, Saraswathi pooja, we have to do the following steps :

We have to place all the Bhagavaan Vedavyasakruta sachaastra books like Mahabharata,  Ramayana, Bhagavatha, Brahmasootra, etc.,   Bhagavan Acharya praneeta Sarvamoola granthas, Teekakrutapaada kruta Teekaas, Sri Vadirajakruta yuktimallika, Rukmineesha Vijaya, etc., Sri Vyasaraja kruta Chandrikaadi granthas,  Sri Raghavendra Tirtha kruta Parimalaadi granthaas, and other Tippanis of other tippanikaars, Sri Purandaradaasa kruta devaranamaas, Sri Jagannatha daasa kruta Harikathamrutasaara, and other devaranama books, etc. in a platform suitably placed in order (yathaashakthi).    They should be decorated with Mango leaves, bale kandu, and other suvaasita flowers.  If possible, the sarvamoola granthaas, shall be kept in a reshme vastra.   We have to perform the vedavyasa pooja.
Initially sankalpa to be done…..  Peetapooja,     We have to perform the dhyaana of various Sri hari roopas as mentioned herebelow :
  1. Hayagreeva roopa dhyaana. as this is the roopa which gave us all the shaastras.
  2. Parashurama Devaru – as he is the agnyantargata bhagavadroopa
  3. Sri Kapilaroopa – As it is the roopa through which we got the Vaidika saannkya Shaastra.
  4. Dattraatreya roopa dhyaana – As this is also jnaana kaarya roopa
  5. Aithareya roopa dhyaana – As this is the roopa which gave us the Aitareya shruti
  6. Hamsa roopa dhyaana – As this is the yati parampare pravartaka roopa
  7. Dhanvantari roopa dhyaana – As it is the roopa which gave as Amrutha during Samudra mathana.    Further, this is the Ayurvedha pravarthaka roopa.
  8. Sri Rama dhyaana – As this is the pradurbhava roopa of vasudeva roopa .
  9. Sri Krishna dhyaana – This is the Vaduseva roopa which gave us Bhagavad Geetha.  Further, he is the roopa, which is nearest to Kaliyuga.
  10. Sri Nrusimha roopa dhyaana –  This is the roopa which  removes all the hurdles of adhyaatmika saadhana
  11. Sri Vedavyaasa dhyaana  –  This is the roopa which gave us the division of Vedaas; which gave us Sarvotrukrushta Mahabhaarata, brahma meemaamsa, Bhagavatha.    It is said that there is nothing which Bhagavaan Vedavyasaru has left.
  12. Sri Narayana dhyaana – This is said to be the moola roopa for all the roopaas.  There is no bedha between any roopa of Sri hari.
In this way the different bhagavat  roopas to be worshipped first.  Then praana pratishta to be done.
We have to the Mahalakshmi dhyaana, (Sat guna abhimaani)  Bhoodevi dhyaana (Rajo guna abhimaani roopa) , Durgadhyaana  (Tamo guna abhimaani roopa).
We have to the dhyaana of Chaturmukha brahma, Mukya praana, saraswathi, Bharathi, Garuda, Sesha, Rudra, Gauri,  Vinayaka dhyaana
(If we can’t chant all the shlokaas for different roopaas, atleast we have to the smarana of these roopas)
Next Anga pooja, naama pooja, avarana pooja,  doopa, deepa, naivedya to be done, Mangala neeraajana to be done.
Detailed pooja system is available in the pdf.

Dakshinayana Punya kaala

Dakshinayana Punya kaala

(Karka Sankramana)

What is Dakshinayana Punya kaala?

One year of the  human year is one day for Gods.  For Gods  it is night during Dakshinayana and it is Day during Uttarayana.

Uttarayana starts on Makara Sankramana Day, usually January 14 or 15th and Dakshinayana starts usually on July 15th or 16th or 17th

Surya enters Bharani Nakshatra, Karkarashi

“trimshati karkaTagE pUrvE” –  Hence, before thirty Galige before Karkataka Sankramana is said to be Sankramana Punyakala.

One year of the  human year is one day for Gods.  For Gods  it is night during Dakshinayana and it is Day during Uttarayana.

The method of calculation of Dakshinayana and Uttarayana differs from South India to North India.   Uttarayana starts on Makara Sanrramana Day, usually January 14 or 15th and Dakshinayana starts usually on July 16th or 17th.  This method of calculation of the period of Sun’s transit is known as the Nirayana System and in it Dakshinayana starts when ‘nirayana surya’ enters cancer.  In North India, Uttarayana period starts on December 21 and ends on June 21. Dakshinayana is from June 21 to December 21. This method of calculation of the period of Sun’s transit is known as Drika Siddhanta and in this method Dakshinayana starts when sayana Sun enters Cancer.

Uttarayana or Dakshinayana comprising of six months each is the time taken by the Sun to travel from one house to the other during these periods. Starting from “ಮಕರ ರಾಶಿ” (Capricorn) up to “ಮಿಥುನ” (Gemini), the travel of Sun is called as Uttarayana and starting from “ಕರ್ಕಾಟಕ” (Cancer) up to”ಧನು”, (Sagittarius) it is known as Dakshinayana. We all know that Dakshina means South direction and “ಆಯನ” means  movement.   The movement of Sun in the Southern direction is called as Dakshinayana. The time when the Sun leaves “ಮಿಥುನ ರಾಶಿ” (Gemini) and enters “ಕರ್ಕಾಟಕ ರಾಶಿ” (Cancer) is called as Karkataka Sankramana (“ಕರ್ಕಾಟಕ ಸಂಕ್ರಮಣ”), when the period of Uttarayana ends , Dakshinayana begins.

Dakshinayana is the night of the Devas and Uttarayana is the day time.

Dakshinayana Parva kaala this time 16.07.2013-

For Rayara Mutt 2.56 pm

For Vyasaraja Mutt 2.56 pm

For Uttaradimutt –  after 3.00pm


Things to be done during Dakshinayana/Uttarayana –

1.  Do snaana at the time of Dakshninayana/Uttarayana parva punya kaala.

2.  Those who do not have their pitru (father) have to give tarpana to their forefathers unfailingly with black thil (kari yellu) (ಕರಿಎಳ್ಳು),  If it falls on Ekadashi, Tarpana need not be given on that day. Those who have given tarpana have to take Theerthaprasada only once in the day.

3.   Yathashakthi Daana to be given

4. Morning he has to get up as usual (Usha:kaala), (Some people may not get up as there is lot of time for Dakshinayana Punyakala),  We have to do our regular Snaana, Sandhyavandhane, Nirmalya Visarjane, etc,  as usual.

He should be empty stomach till Dakshinayana Punyakala, then he must have another bath (if possible Theertha snaana),   Then he has to give Tarpana as per the above method.

For those who are Jeevanpitrus  (those who are have their father) – they need not give tarpana, they can do their daily routine works.

ದಕ್ಷಿಣಾಯಣ ಪುಣ್ಯಕಾಲ ತರ್ಪಣ ಸಂಕಲ್ಪ :-

೧.  ಆಚಮನ

೨.  ಪವಿತ್ರ ಧಾರಣ (ಪವಿತ್ರ ಮಾಡಲು ಬರದಿದ್ದರೆ ಪವಿತ್ರದ ಉಂಗುರವಿದ್ದರೂ ಪರವಾಗಿಲ್ಲ)

೩.  ಪುನರಾಚಮನ

೪.  ಪ್ರಾಣಾಯಾಮ

ನಂತರ ಸಂಕಲ್ಪ —

ಶ್ರೀ ಗೋವಿಂದ ಗೋವಿಂದ ವಿಷ್ಣೋರಾಜ್ಞಯಾ ಪ್ರವರ್ತಮಾನಸ್ಯ, ಆದ್ಯ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮಣ:, ದ್ವಿತೀಯ ಪರಾರ್ಧೇ, ಶ್ರೀ ಶ್ವೇತವರಾಹಕಲ್ಪೇ, ವೈವಸ್ವತ ಮನ್ವಂತರೇ, ಕಲಿಯುಗೇ, ಪ್ರಥಮಪಾದೇ, ಜಂಭೋದ್ವೀಪೇ, ದಂಡಕಾರಣ್ಯೇ, ಗೋದಾವರ್ಯಾ: ದಕ್ಷಿಣೇತೀರೇ ಶಾಲೀವಾಹನ ಶಕೇ, ಬೌದ್ಧಾವತಾರೇ, ರಾಮಕ್ಷೇತ್ರೇ (ಪರಶುರಾಮಕ್ಷೇತ್ರೇ), ಶ್ರೀ ಪರಮವೈಷ್ಣವ ಸನ್ನಿಧೌ, ಅಸ್ಮಿನ್ ವರ್ತಮಾನೇ ಚಾಂದ್ರಮಾನೇನ ______ನಾಮ ಸಂವತ್ಸರೇ, ದಕ್ಷಿಣಾಯನೇ, _____ಋತು, ______ಮಾಸೇ, ____ಪಕ್ಷೇ, _____ತಿಥೌ, _____ನಕ್ಷತ್ರೇ, ____ ಯೋಗೇ, ____ಕರಣೇ, _____ವಾಸರಯುಕ್ತಾಯಂ, ಪಿತ್ರಾದಿ ಸಮಸ್ತ ಪಿತ್ರೂಣಾಂ ಅಂತರ್ಗತ, ಮನುನಾಮಕ, ಶ್ರೀ ಭಾರತೀರಮಣ ಮುಖ್ಯಪ್ರಾಣಾಂತರ್ಗತ ಶ್ರೀಮನ್ಮಧ್ವವಲ್ಲಭ ಜನಾರ್ಧನ ವಾಸುದೇವ ಪ್ರೇರಣಯಾ, ಶ್ರೀಮನ್ಮಧ್ವವಲ್ಲಭ ಜನಾರ್ಧನ ವಾಸುದೇವ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ, ವಿಷ್ಣು ನಕ್ಷತ್ರ, ವಿಷ್ಣುಯೋಗ, ವಿಷ್ಣು ಕರಣ, ಏವಂ ಗುಣ ವಿಶೇಷಣ ವಿಶಿಷ್ಟಾಯಾಂ ಪುಣ್ಯತಿಥೌ., (ಪ್ರಾಚೀನಾವೀತಿ), (ಜನಿವಾರವನ್ನು ಎಡಕ್ಕೆ ಹಾಕಿಕೊಂಡು) ಸದ್ಯ: ತಿಲತರ್ಪಣಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ –

೧. ಪಿತ್ರು, ಪಿತಾಮಹ, ಪ್ರಪಿತಾಮಹ

೨. ಮಾತ್ರು, ಪಿತಾಮಹಿ, ಪ್ರಪಿತಾಮಹಹಿ

೩. ಮಾತಾಮಹ, ಮಾತು: ಪಿತಾಮಹ, ಮಾತು: ಪ್ರಪಿತಾಮಹ

೪. ಮಾತಾಮಹಿ, ಮಾತು: ಪಿತಾಮಹಿ, ಮಾತು: ಪ್ರಪಿತಾಮಹಿ

ಈ ಮೇಲ್ಕಂಡ ೧೨ ಜನಕ್ಕೂ ತರ್ಪಣ ಕೊಡಬೇಕು.  (ಅಕಸ್ಮಾತ್ ಇವರುಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಯಾರಾದರೂ ಬದುಕಿದ್ದರೆ ಅವರನ್ನು ಬಿಟ್ಟು)

ಅವತ್ತು ಏಕಭುಕ್ತನಾಗಿರಬೇಕು.

ಬೆಳಿಗ್ಯೆ ಎಂದಿನಂತೆ ಮುಂಜಾನೆಯೇ ಎದ್ದು, ಸ್ನಾನ, ಆಹ್ನೀಕಾದಿಗಳನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿ, ನಿರ್ಮಾಲ್ಯ ವಿಸರ್ಜಿಸಿ, ಉಪವಾಸವಿದ್ದು,

ದಕ್ಷಿಣಾಯನ ಪರ್ವಕಾಲ ಸಮಯದವರೆಗೂ ಉಪವಾಸವಿದ್ದು, ಪರ್ವಕಾಲ ಬಂದ ಮೇಲೆ ಸ್ನಾನಾದಿಗಳನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿ) ನಂತರ ತರ್ಪಣ ಕೊಡಬೇಕು.

tila tarpaNa sankalpa –

1.     Achamana
2.    Pavitra dhaaraNa (pavitra maaDalu baradiddare pavitrada uMguraviddarU paravaagilla)
3.    punaraachamana
4.    praaNaayaama

sankalpa —

shrI gOviMda gOviMda viShNOraaj~Jayaa pravartamaanasya, Adya brahmaNa:, dvitIya paraardhE, shrI shvEtavaraahakalpE, vaivasvata manvaMtarE, kaliyugE, prathamapaadE, jaMbhOdvIpE, daMDakaaraNyE, gOdaavaryaa: dakShiNEtIrE shaalIvaahana shakE, bouddhaavataarE, raamakShEtrE (parashuraamakShEtrE), shrI parama vaiShNava sannidhou, asmin vartamaanE chaaMdramaanEna ______naama saMvatsarE, dakShiNaayanE, _______Rutou, _____maasE, _______pakShE, _____tithou, _______nakShatrE, ______ yOgE, _____ karaNE, ______vaasara yuktaayaM, pitraadi samasta pitrUNaaM aMtargata, manunaamaka, shrI bhaaratI ramaNa muKyapraaNaaMtargata shrImanmadhvavallabha janaardhana vaasudEva prEraNayaa, shrImanmadhvavallabha janaardhana vaasudEva prItyarthaM, viShNu nakShatra, viShNuyOga, viShNu karaNa, EvaM guNa vishEShaNa viSiShTaayaaM puNyatithou., (praachInaavIti), (janivaaravannu eDakke haakikoMDu) sadya: tilatarpaNaM kariShyE –

1. pitru, pitaamaha, prapitaamaha
2. maatru, pitaamahi, prapitaamahahi
3. maataamaha, maatu: pitaamaha, maatu: prapitaamaha
4. maataamahi, maatu: pitaamahi, maatu: prapitaamahi

Tarpana to be given for the above mentioned 12 people  (However, if any one of them is still there, note not to include him in the tarpana list)