15.05.2010 ರಿಂದ 23.05.2010ರವರೆಗೆ
ಮ/ಶಾ/ಸಂ ಶ್ರೀ ಹೊಳವನಹಳ್ಳಿ ಶ್ರೀನಿವಾಸಾಚಾರ್ಯ
Aradhana – Margashira Shudda Chaturthi
Vrundavana – Karampondi – 3 kilometer from Polur
(Tiruvannamalai district, TN)
Poorvashrama nama – Thammanna Nayak
Period – 1810 to 1862
Ashrama Gurugalu – Sri Satyaparayana Tirtharu
He wrote Commentary on Harikathamruthasara of Sri Jagannathadasaru
River Cheyyar, also known as Baahuda nadhi has a lot of great temples on its banks. On the banks of this river lies a beautiful small village named Karapoondi. Three kilometers to the east of Polur on the Vandavasi – Polur road lies this village surrounded by bountiful green fields well nourished by the river Cheyyar. In the middle of the village, in the brahmin street, at the northern end is a house with tiled roof, it can be described as a choultry rather than a house. This place was sanctified by the presence of Sri Sankarshanaru who lived here. A great sanyasi, who had food just to sustain life and was a kalpavriksha in the true sense.
Poorvashrama and childhood :
Sri Sankarshanaru in his poorvashrama was known as Thammanna Nayak. His ancestors hailed from Kurla Hosur, a village on the banks of river Malaprabha. Nayak family was engaged in the trade of silver, gold, diamond and pearl and shifted to Dharwar to pursue their business. His father’s name was Dhumappa Nayak who had two wives.
Thammanna Nayak was born in the year 1810 as the second child to Sri Dhumappa Nayak’s second wife. It is also said that he was born with the blessings of Sri Satyadharma Theertharu of Holehonnuru. When Thammanna attained the right age, his parents performed his upanayana. Thammanna learnt all the granthas from Sri Beemavarahachar who was also living in their house. Thammanna was keenly observing panchebeda gnana, taratamya and also observing without fail ekadashi and harivasara. Observing Thammanna’s disciplined life in that young age, Sri Beemavarahachar used to call him as ‘Rishi’. Thammanna got married at the right age and had two children. His wife died when he was twenty two years old and he was not interested in marrying for the second time.
Udupi Yatra :
Thammanna reached Udupi and mastered the 37 granthas of Sri Madhwacharya under the guidance of Sri Vishwapriya Theertharu of Sodhe Matha. Meanwhile, Sri Satya Santhushta Thirtharu and Sri Satya Sankalpa Thirtharu were doing Sri Rama Vedavyasa puje at the same place for years. Due to this the matha landed in debt and they pledged the priceless navaratha mantapa and golden gangala (gifted by Srimathi Raji Bai of Arani Jagir Samasthana) with Ramanna Nayak, brother of Thammanna. Ramanna gave enough money to the matha without hesitation.
After some years, Sri Satya Parayana Thirtharu took over the reins of the matha after Sri Satya Santhusta Thirtharu. Srigalu during his sanchara camped at Ramanna Nayak’s house and performed Sri Rama Vedavyasara puje for two months. One day, he opened up with Ramanna and said, ‘Ramanna, my puje seems to be incomplete, my mind wanders away in seeing Rama without the rathna mantapa. I will do sanchara and will repay from the contributions I receive thus towards the pledged items. You may send your representative along with me to whom the money will be deposited. Ramanna agreed to this and Thammanna joined the entourage of Srigalu with the main intention of doing teertha yatra and also to collect the dues.
During the sanchara, Thammanna again started studying under Sri Satya Parayana Thirtharu. After mastering the shastras and granthas, Thammanna did ‘mangala’ and bore the expenses of day’s puje. Srigalu asked Thammanna to consider the navrathana mantapa and gangala pledged with his brother as guru dakshina. A Rudramsha and a vairagyaseelaru, a great saint to be, Thammanna without hesitation and with detached mind gave up the items as guru dakshina to Rama Vedavyasaru. Srigalu ordained Thammanna to send message to his brother. As per his guidance, Thammanna drafted two letters to his brother Ramanna, one letter certifying that all dues have been received from the matha and the second one requesting that the navarathna mantapa and the golden gangala be delivered to the matha’s messenger. Ramanna who received the letters, delivered the pledged items of the matha to the messenger. The matha’s debt was cleared and the pledged items were restored, seeing his Rama in his gloriest past and having found a great sishya in Thammanna, Sri Satyaparayana Theertharu was very happy and continued his sanchara to propagate madhwa philosophy.
Ramannna spent good time in waiting for the money collected from the matha which was not forthcoming. There was no response for his letter from Thammanna. So Ramanna went in search of Thammanna and learnt what had happened. He returned home with Thammanna heavy in heart for the loss. Thammanna relieved his brother of his disturbed mind by declaring that the amount of loss may be recovered from his share of the family wealth and whatever remains thereafter may be enjoyed by his Ramanna.
Thammanna becomes Sankarshana Wodeyaru :
Thammanna was a great gnani and a saint in the true sense, who had the gnana that Sri Hari is the Sarvothama and everything moves as per His wish – laid all his karma phala at Sri Hari’s lotus feet. Thammanna at the age of 32 years left for Udupi to get guru upadesha and sanyasa ashrama from Sri Satya Parayana Theertharu. Srigalu tried to convince him that he should remain a grahastha. Ramanna also pleaded with his brother to reconsider his decision – all efforts failed and Thammanna was determined to have sanyasa ashrama. Finally, Srigalu gave him sanyasa ashrama and named him as Sri Sankarshana Wodeyaru and gave him a silver Sri Venugopala Vigraha for his daily puje. Sri Sankarshanaru stayed in his house for some time and shifted to Sri Vittala Swamy temple in the agrahara and lived on bikshe offered to him.
He went on yatre to Tirupati and the Sri Venkatesha appeared in his swapna and directed him to go to Sholingur (Gatikachalam) for the darshan of Sri Yoga Narasimha and Sri Yoga Anjaneya. After his Sholingur yatre, Sri Sankarshanaru proceeded to Vellore and stayed there for nine years – he re-organised the matha activities and restored the puje and seva to Sri Satyajiraya Theertharu.
He imparted his vast knowledge to his sishyas. He was a great example of a sanyasi who had preached the tenets of madhwa philosophy to each and everyone who approached him. He wrote a great commentary on Harikathamruthasara. Sri Sankarshanaru continued his teertha yatre to various places along with his sishyas. While on sanchara, as per the desire of his disciple, Sri Sankarshanaru decided to stay in Karapoondi near Polur. The village is so sanctified by the shadow of Sampathgiri hill nearby, the right place Sri Wodeyaru had chosen has his resting place. A matha was constructed for his stay and Sri Wodeyaru continued his puje punashkaras and shastra patha there.
Brundavana Pravesha :
In 1862, Margasirsha maasa, suddha panchami, dundhubi varsha, Sri Sankarshanaru entered brundavana at Karapoondi. Since then regular puje and aradhana continues without fail. An eyewitness account of the brundavana pravesha of Sri Wodeyaru gives us a clear picture of the event. Sri Sankarshanaru instructed his disciple Sanjeevi Rao to make necessary arrangements for the brundavana pravesha suitable for a yathi. Sanjeevi Rao along with others prepared the placed, cleaned and made all arrangements. After some months Sri Sankarshanaru appeared in the swapna of Sanjeevi Rao and said that his instructions have not been carried out properly. While examining the site the next day, Sanjeevi Rao and other devotees were surprised to see that Sri Wodeyaru as ‘jadadhari’ and all the gopichandana mudras were as fresh as on the day of internment. Eight months after this incident, a brundavana was raised at the site.
The above event and his appearance in the swapna of Venkataramana achar has proved without doubt that Sri Wodeyaru is very much a Rudramsharu. Venkataramana achar, who was thus blessed by Sri Sankarshanaru had composed Sri Sankarshana Kavacham, Kalpadharu Stotra, Mangalashtakam and Navrathana Malika.
Sri Sankarashana Wodeyaru was a ‘parama bhakta gnanai’, and a great expert in shastras. A yathi varenyaru who had written a commentary on harikathamruthasara – His dyana and darshana will guide us towards the right path.
Acknowledgement : The above is a brief taken from ‘Sri Sankarshana Vijayam’ authored by Late Sri N.S. Lakshmana Rao, Arani. With thanks to Madhwa Piligrimage Web Blog
Literal works –
Bheeshmacharyaru did the upavasa for five (5) days from Karthika Shudda Ekadashi to Karthika Shudda Hunnime, that too laying on Sharapanjara. After battling for 10 days in Kurukshetra, he was laying on Sharapanjara and did various upadeshas like Vishnu Sahasranama, etc to Dharmarajadhi pandavaas. Krishna paramathma satisfied with the Vratha of Bheeshma said “This Vratha gives health, wealth, satputraru”.
ಭೀಷ್ಮ ಜಲಾರ್ಘ್ಯ ಮಂತ್ರ –
ಸವ್ಯೇನಾನೇನ ಮಂತ್ರೇಣ ತರ್ಪಣಂ ಸಾರ್ವವರ್ಣಿಕಮ್ |
ದ್ಯುವಸೋರವತಾರಾಯ ಶಂತನೋರಾತ್ಮಜಾಯ ಚ |
ಅರ್ಘ್ಯಮ್ ದದಾಮಿ ಭೀಷ್ಮಾಯ ಆಜನ್ಮಬ್ರಹ್ಮಚಾರಿಣೇ |
ವೈಯಾಗ್ರಪಾದಗೋತ್ರಾಯ ಸಾಂಕೃತ್ಯ ಪ್ರವರಾಯ ಚ |
ಅಪುತ್ರಾಯ ದದಮ್ಯೇತತ್ ಜಲಂ ಭೀಷ್ಮಾಯ ವರ್ಮಣೇ |
भीष्मतिलतोय मंत्र :
वैयाग्रपादगोत्राय सांकृतिप्रवराय च । गंगापुत्राय भीष्माय प्रदास्येहं तिलोदकं ।
सत्यव्रताय शुचये गांगेयाय महात्मने । भीष्माय च ददाम्यर्घ्यं आजन्म ब्रह्मचारिणे ।
तिलतोयांजलिं तस्ये प्रददामि महात्मने ॥
भीष्म जलार्घ्य मंत्र –
सव्येनानेन मंत्रेण तर्पणं सार्ववर्णिकम् । द्युवसोरवताराय शंतनोरात्मजाय च ।
अर्घ्यम् ददामि भीष्माय आजन्मब्रह्मचारिणे । वैयाग्रपादगोत्राय सांकृत्य प्रवराय च ।
अपुत्राय ददम्येतत् जलं भीष्माय वर्मणे ।
Bheeshma jalaarGya mantra –
savyEnaanEna mantrENa tarpaNam saarvavarNikam |
dyuvasOravataaraaya shantanOraatmajaaya cha |
arGyam dadaami bhIShmaaya AjanmabrahmachaariNE |
vaiyaagrapaadagOtraaya saankRutya pravaraaya cha |
aputraaya dadamyEtat jalam BIShmaaya varmaNE |
On all the five days throughout the day the lamp must be burning unfailingly. Every day deepa daana to be given to brahmana-suvasiniyaru.7. Brahmana bhojana – Except on Ekadashi on all the other days, we have to prepare bhakshya, bhojya, do naivedya and after srihari samarpana, Theerthaprasada to be arranged for Brahmana-suvasiniyaru. The one who is doing the vratha must take Theertha only. He must do the fasting. In exceptional cases when he is not able to sustain the Fasting, then he can take Milk, Fruit, like light items that too for jeevadhaarane purpose only. He has to observe fasting as long as possible and only when it is impossible he can take some light food.
8 Naivedya – During Bheeshma Panchaka, Naivedya must be done with pancha vidha bhakshya
9. Panchagavya prashana – Daily he must take panchagavya
10. Theertha-Gandha-akshate – This is a kamya vratha. He has to take Theertha thrice and put Gandha-akshate as usual (except Ekadashi)
11. Duties during Vratha – Pratha: snaana, he must not talk about the loukika vyavahara, tila tarpana to bheeshmacharya, daily pooja, suvarna daana, deepa daana, Shastra shavana, etc. He has to observe Brahmacharya during the period.
12. Udyaapane – Those who are doing Bheeshma Panchaka must do the sankalpa on Dashami itself and do the udyapane same day. Then five upavasa from Ekadashi to Hunnime. On Padya after pooja, brahmana bhojana he has to take the theerthaprasada. That is how the vratha comes to an end.
Samarpana bhojana – As per Agni purana on the Hunnime day evening bhojana can be done after brahmana suvaasini bhojana. Even “smruti kaustubha” also agrees with evening bhojana on Hunnime day. Some have the practice of doing the bhojana on the sixth day after completion of full five days. Both are acceptable.
(Source – Vyasanakere Prabhanjanacharya’s “Chaturmasya” and Sri Chaturvedi Vedavyasacharya’s “Chaitradi maasa kartavyagalu”)
श्रीमद्विद्या श्रीनिवासतीर्थ पाणिसरोजभू: ।
कृपां विद्याश्री समुद्रगुरु: कुर्यात्सदा मयि ।
ಶ್ರೀಮದ್ವಿದ್ಯಾ ಶ್ರೀನಿವಾಸತೀರ್ಥ ಪಾಣಿಸರೋಜಭೂ: |
ಕೃಪಾಂ ವಿದ್ಯಾಶ್ರೀ ಸಮುದ್ರಗುರು: ಕುರ್ಯಾತ್ಸದಾ ಮಯಿ |
shrImadvidyaa shrInivaasatIrtha paaNisarOjabhU: |
kRupaam vidyaashrI samudraguru: kuryaatsadaa mayi |
Ashrama Shishyaru – Sri Vidya Rathnakara Tirtharu
Ashrama Gurugalu – Sri Vidya Srinivasa Tirtharu
(Sri Vyasaraja Mutt Parampare)
Vrundavana Pravesha – 1903 AD
Vrundavana @ Sosale
Aradhana – Karthika Shudda Dwiteeya
He did Mukyaprana pratistapane at Nellore Vyasarajamutt.
Works by Shri Satyapriya Teertharu:
After having lost the game of dyutha (dice) in the Mahabharata due to the cheating of Shakuni and Duryodhana, Pandavas had to go on a 13-year exile. Arjuna appeared before the Kaurava Army to defend the kingdom of Virata, as the saarathi of Uttarakumara, on this day to defend Uttara Gograhana.
Bhishmacharyaru, the Pitamaha of the Kauravas and Pandavas, reminded Duryodhana that the Pandavas had completed the 12-year exile in forest (vanavasa) and one year of disguise i.e., AJnaathavasa, on the Kartika Shukla Panchami day and suggested him to return their kingdom, which he refused.