General सामान्य ज्ञान 2

१) कंसस्य पितु: नाम किं ?





२) बब्रुवाहनस्य माता का?





३) कर्णस्य धत्रीपितु: नाम किं?





४) भीश्म: विद्याभ्यासम् कति वर्शपर्यन्तम् चक्रु:?





५) "वृद्धि" संज्ञा विधायकंसूत्रम् किं?





६) लिट् लकार: कस्मिन् काले भवति?





७) विजयनगर साम्राज्यस्य स्थापक; क:?





८ मध्वाचार्याणां बाल्यनाम किं?





९) कन्नडभाषाया: कति ज्ञानपीटानि लब्धानि?





१०) सीताया: पितु: स्वपितुदत्त नाम किं?







Satyaparayana Tirtharu

Sri Satya Parayana Thirtharu

ಸತ್ಯಸಂತುಷ್ಟ ದುಗ್ದಾಬ್ದೇ: ಜಾತ: ಸತ್ಯಪರಾಯಣ: |
ಚಿಂತಾಮಣಿ: ಸದಾ ಭೂಯಾತ್ಸದಾ ಚಿಂತಿತಸಿದ್ದಯೇ |

सत्यसंतुष्ट दुग्दाब्दे: जात: सत्यपरायण: ।
चिंतामणि: सदा भूयात्सदा चिंतितसिद्दये ।

satyasaṁtuṣṭa dugdābdē: jāta: satyaparāyaṇa: |
ciṁtāmaṇi: sadā bhūyātsadā ciṁtitasiddayē |

Ashrama Gurugalu    – Sri Satya Santushta Thirtharu

Poorvashrama nama – Sri Haveri Gururajacharya

Aradhana                  – Ashwayuja Shudda Saptami

Vrundavana              – Santebidanooru

Ashrama Shishyaru  – Sri Satya kama Thirtharu

Sri Sathyaparayana Theertha’s works (which is enough proof for the love towards Sri Rama) include

  1. Sri Rama Shabdhartha which has been subdivided as

a. Ashthothara Rathnamala  (108 meanings)
b. Sri Rama Shabdhartha Rathnashtakam  (8 meanings)
c. Chaturvinshati Rathnaani  (24 meanings)

d. Saptha Rathnaani  (7 meanings)

e. Shat Rathnani  (6 meanings)
f. Dwatrimshadratna Malika (32 meanings)

2. Sri Valmiki Ramyana Baalakhanda Vyakhyana,

3. Sri Vamana Shabda Nakshatra Malike

4. Bilva Mangala Sudha Vyakhyana,

5. Jayanthi Kalpa Vyakhye,

6. Sri Rama Shabdhartha Gharbhita Bhashya Vivaranam, which are masterpieces and a great blessing for any student in vedanta.

Yamatarpana

On Ashwayuja Bahula Chaturdashi – Naraka Chaturdashi Day, every one (male people) has to give Tarpana.

Those who are not having living Pitrus with apasavya and with ellu, Jeevanpitrus with savya in water.

ನರಕಚತುರ್ದಶಿ ದಿನ ದಕ್ಷಿಣಕ್ಕೆ ಮುಖಮಾಡಿ ತಂದೆ ಇಲ್ಲದವರು ಅಪಸವ್ಯದಿಂದ ಎಳ್ಳಿನಿಂದ ಅಥವಾ ನೀರಿನಿಂದ ಮತ್ತು ತಂದೆ ಇದ್ದವರು ಸವ್ಯದಿಂದ ಬರೀ ನೀರಿನಿಂದ  ತರ್ಪಣ ಕೊಡಬೇಕು.

ಯಮಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ಧರ್ಮಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ಮೃತ್ಯುಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ಅಂತಕಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ಕಾಲಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ಸರ್ವಭೂತಕ್ಷಯಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ಔದುಂಬರಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ದಧ್ನಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ನೀಲಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ಪರಮೇಷ್ಠಿನಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ವೃಕೋದರಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ಚಿತ್ರಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ, ಚಿತ್ರಗುಪ್ತಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ.

नरकचतुर्दशि दिन दक्षिणक्कॆ मुखमाडि तंदॆ इल्लदवरु अपसव्यदिंद ऎळ्ळिनिंद अथवा नीरिनिंद मत्तु तंदॆ इद्दवरु सव्यदिंद बरी नीरिनिंद  तर्पण कॊडबेकु.

यमं तर्पयामि, धर्मं तर्पयामि, मृत्युं तर्पयामि, अंतकं तर्पयामि, कालं तर्पयामि, सर्वभूतक्षयं तर्पयामि, औदुंबरं तर्पयामि, दध्नं तर्पयामि, नीलं तर्पयामि, परमेष्ठिनं तर्पयामि, वृकोदरं तर्पयामि, चित्रं तर्पयामि, चित्रगुप्तं तर्पयामि.

నరకచతుర్దశి దిన దక్షిణక్కె ముఖమాడి తందె ఇల్లదవరు అపసవ్యదింద ఎళ్ళినింద అథవా నీరినింద మత్తు తందె ఇద్దవరు సవ్యదింద బరీ నీరినింద  తర్పణ కొడబేకు.

యమం తర్పయామి, ధర్మం తర్పయామి, మృత్యుం తర్పయామి, అంతకం తర్పయామి, కాలం తర్పయామి, సర్వభూతక్షయం తర్పయామి, ఔదుంబరం తర్పయామి, దధ్నం తర్పయామి, నీలం తర్పయామి, పరమేష్ఠినం తర్పయామి, వృకోదరం తర్పయామి, చిత్రం తర్పయామి, చిత్రగుప్తం తర్పయామి.

நரகசதுர்தஶி திந தக்ஷிணக்கெ முகமாடி தம்தெ இல்லதவரு அபஸவ்யதிம்த எள்ளிநிம்த அதவா நீரிநிம்த மத்து தம்தெ இத்தவரு ஸவ்யதிம்த பரீ நீரிநிம்த  தர்பண கொடபேகு.

யமம் தர்பயாமி, தர்மம் தர்பயாமி, ம்ருத்யும் தர்பயாமி, அம்தகம் தர்பயாமி, காலம் தர்பயாமி, ஸர்வபூதக்ஷயம் தர்பயாமி, ஔதும்பரம் தர்பயாமி, தத்நம் தர்பயாமி, நீலம் தர்பயாமி, பரமேஷ்டிநம் தர்பயாமி, வ்ருகோதரம் தர்பயாமி, சித்ரம் தர்பயாமி, சித்ரகுப்தம் தர்பயாமி.

Nandanavana Seva Trust
No.1, Shakambari Nagar,
Rayara Mutt Road,
Opp : Banashankari Temple
Bangalore – 560070

We have been running a Vruddashrama since last 5 years.  The Vruddashrama has both male and female members with separate room facility also.  Everyday, all the members are doing Bhajana in the morning @ 8 am for nearly an hour.  Every day they are attending the pravachanas conducted at Shakambari Nagar Rayara Mutt, Bangalore next to the Ashrama.  They are all participating in the Rayara Mutt activity actively.

Those who are interested in joining the Ashrama can contact Smt K R Sharadarao, the Secretary vide Mobile No 9900086505 or 9242941025.

Gaja Gauri Vratha

Gaja Gauri Vratha

Gaja Gauri Vratha is observed on Bhadrapada Krishna Chaturthi

The importance of Gaja Gowri Vrata is mentioned in the Mahabharata and it is said that Gandhari, the mother of Kauravas, and Kunti, the mother of Pandavas, had performed it for the welfare of their children.

Narada Maharshi had advised Gandhari to perform Gaja Gowri Vrata for the welfare of her children.   She is believed to have made an elephant from mud and performed the Vrata.

Gandhari  invited all for the Gaja Gauri Vratha except Kunti and her children.

Kunti came to know about this and she was eager to attend the Vratha, but her children stopped her from going there as they were not invited.

So, they planned to conduct the Gaja Gauri Vratha by Kunti itself.   Gandhari had done it with Mud Elephant, but Pandavaas wanted to bring real airavatha from Devaloka for the Gaja Gauri Vratha.   Bheemasena told Indra to send Airavatha for the Gaja Gauri Vratha to bhooloka.  Arjuna made steps from Devaloka to Bhooloka throws his arrows for the airavatha to come down.   Krishna ensured that the steps made of arrow must not fall when the Airavatha steps down.

So,  Pandavaas did the Gaja Gauri Vratha with the real elephant that too airavatha, in a great style.

Apart from the rituals and offerings, Gaja Gowri Vrat Katha is listened on the day by those performing the Vrata.

Rushi Panchami

PDF File on Rushi Panchami – click

Rushi Panchami is usually observed on Bhadrapada Masa Shukla paksha panchami.

On the Rushi Panchami Day, devotees perform bath in holy rivers or wells or sarovaras. On this day, we have to worship Saptarishis alongwith Arundathi.

Who can perform Rushi Panchami?

Ladies –

a) Any lady who has passed 50 years and above (Monthly menses period process having been completed) have to perform Perform Rushi Panchami.

b) That lady may be either Muthaide or widow (Madi hengasu – i.e., following sampradaya of getting shaving her head and following daily madi achaara, etc).

Gents –

Gents can do for on and behalf of their mother, grand mother, if they are not there or if they are not capable of doing it.

Is there any story which tells the importance of Rushi Panchami –

Once Dharmaraja asked Krishna to tell him a Vratha which can purify one from all the sins. Then Krishna told Dharmaraja, the vratha which if performed by ladies can free them from all their sins, which is termed as “Rushi Panchami”.

Krishna tells – Ladies during their menses period are not supposed to do any work pertaining to the house/family. They have to take rest for the all the four days invariably. If a lady does all these works, she is sure of going to Naraka. That is why the ladies during their menses period should be kept far from us irrespective of whether he is Brahmana or Kshatriya or Vaishya or Shoodra. All the four varnaas must follow the rules.

That is why if one does Rushi Panchami pooja, their sins during Rajaswala Dosha will be purified.

What is this menses period – Earlier once Indra had a terrible fight with Vrutrasura and he finally killed that Asura. Indra got Brahmahatya dosha, as Vrutrasura, though he was a daithya, he was a son of a brahmana. Killing a brahmana will fetch us Brahmahatya dosha. Indra got the dosha. Then Indra went to Brahma seeking some remedy to remove the Brahmahatya dosha.

Then Brahma removed his Brahmahatya dosha as follows :

He divided the Brahmahatya dosha into four parts.

1. First part in Fire flame

2. Second part in river water

3. Third in Mountain and trees

4. In the Rajas of ladies.

That is why Rajaswala ladies are supposed to be far from all the chaturvarna people. On the first day of her menses period she will be impure like a Chandala stree. On the second day, she is impure like a Brahma Ghatini and on the third day impure like a dobhi. Fourth day, she will be pure – but can’t do all the puja, pitru karya, cooking, etc. However, she can attend to her daily duties other than god’s seva, cooking. Fifth day only, she will be pure.

Krishna tells one more story. In Vidarba desha, there lived a king called Shenajith. There was a Brahmin called Sumitra in his kingdom, whose wife was Jayashree, who was also looking farming work. Once she had menses period. Still, she did all her regular work, and she touched everything and every one without informing others that she was on the menses period. After some time, she died. And her husband also died after some time. After some time, in the same house these Sumitra and Jayashree were born as Ox and Dog respectively and they had the remembering capacity of their previous janma.

Sumitra’s son was Sumathi and his wife Chandravathi. She was a sahadharmini wife for her husband.

One day, Sumathi’s father Shradha day came and he told his wife Chandravathi to cook for the brahmana suvasini bhojana, which she did. She had kept the payasam vessel on the stove itself. A snake and kept its poison in the payasam. The dog which saw that the payasam has been poisoned, thought that if the Brahmans eat the payasam, they may die and their son would get Brahmahatya dosha. So, the dog came and touched the payasam vessel. Seeing that the dog had touched the vessel, Chandravathi got angry and beat the dog, threw the payasam in the vessel and prepared separate dishes for the shraddha. Sumathi did the shraddha with enthusiasm and the brahmanas had good bhojana. Chandramathi dig a pit and kept all the left overs after the bhojana in the pit without even giving to the dog or the ox.

But the dog was not given anything on that day. Similarly the ox was also not given anything on that day even after ploughing the land. The Ox was telling the dog, that their son had done the shraddha but not given anything to them. Their conversation was heard by Sumathi, their son, who went to some sages nearby and asked them to tell what is behind the conversation between the dog and the ox.

Then the sage told Sumathi that his mother had ignored her menses period and done everything of her daily work, so she has been born again as dog. His father even after knowing that his wife was in menses period had the samparka dosha, so he has been born as an ox.

Then Sumathi asked the sages as to what is the remedy to free his parents from the sins. The sages suggested the vratha titled “Rushi Panchami”, doing the pooja of saptarshees, if done will purify them.

How many years this Vratha to be observed? – Seven Years

Udyaapane to be done in the initial period of Vratha or in the middle or in the last period.

They have to fast the whole day.

They have to do the pooja of saptarshis and Arundathi.



Rushi Namaskara Stotra

kashyapa

kashyapa: sarvalOkaaDya: sarvabhUtahitE rata: |

naraaNaaM paapanaashaaya RuShirUpENa tiShyati |

atri

atrayE cha namastubhyaM sarvabhUtahitEShiNE |

tapOrUpaaya satyaaya brahmaNEmitatEjasE |

bharadhvaaja

bharadhvaaja namastubhyaM sadaa dhyaanaparaayaNa |

mahaajaTiladharmaatman paapaM saMhara mE sadaa |

vishvaamitra –

vishvaamitra namastubhyaM jvalanmuKa mahaabala |

pratyakShIkRutagaayatra tapOrUpENa saMsthita: |

gautama –

gautama: sarvalOkaanaaM RuShINaaM cha sadaa priya: |

shroutaanaaM karmaNaaM chaiva saMpradaayapravartaka: |

jamadagni

jamadagnirmahaatEjaa: tapasaa kalpitaM dhanaM |

lOkEShu dharmasiddyarthaM sarvapaapaM nivartaya |

vasiShTha-

namastubhyaM vasiShTaaya jaTilaaya mahaatmanE |

dharmarUpaaya satyaaya lOkaanaaM hitakaariNE |

aruMdhatI –

abhyarNapatikaa dEvI vasiShTasya priya: sadaa |

aruMdhatIti viKyaataa taaM namasyaami sarvadaa |


Who are those sapta Rushees, their father  and their wives?

Rushi Father Wife Children
Kashyapa Marichi Aditi Hiranyakashipu, Vamana
Atri Brahma Ansuya Dattatreya, Durvasa, Soma, etc
Bharadhwaja Angirasa Susheela Dronacharya,
Vishwamitra Gadhi Raja Kumudhwati
Gauthama Rahoguna Maharaja Ahalya Vamadeva, Nodha
Jamadagni Brugu Renuka Parashurama
Vasista Brahma Arundati


By doing this vratha one will get 10000 Yagna phala

Sakala Theertha yathra phala also will be available by doing this vratha

Even if we have the darshana of Saptarshi on this, we will get all our sins destroyed

Collection by Narahari Sumadhwa

For www.sumadhwaseva.com

Bhagavatha

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Krishnavatara Quiz

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Quiz

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Lakshminatha Tirtharu (VM)

Vrundavana is at Sriranga

Aradhana – Shravana Shukla Trayodashi

Ashrama Gurugalu – Sri Lakshmi Vallabha Tirtharu

Ashrama Shishyaru – Sri Lakshmipathi Tirtharu

Vidya Gurugalu – Sri Yadavendra Tirtharu

He has mentioned in Chandrika Subodhini vyakyana –
yadanugrahamaatrENa vaadinaamagraNeerbhavEt|
yaadavEndraguroon vande manOvaakkaayakarmabhiH||
(which says that he is the shishya of Sri Yadavendra Tirtharu)

Period 1642- 1660

Vrundavana at Srirangam
ನಾಥಮಾನೇಷ್ಠಮಂದಾರ: ಶ್ರೀನಾಥಸ್ಮರಣಾದರ: |
ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀನಾಥಾಖ್ಯಗುರುರಾಟ್ ಈಪ್ಸಿತಾರ್ಥ ಪ್ರದೋಸ್ತುನ: |

नाथमानेष्ठमंदार: श्रीनाथस्मरणादर: ।

लक्ष्मीनाथाख्यगुरुराट् ईप्सितार्थ प्रदोस्तुन: ।

நாதமாநேஷ்டமம்தார: ஶ்ரீநாதஸ்மரணாதர: |

லக்ஷ்மீநாதாக்யகுருராட் ஈப்ஸிதார்த ப்ரதோஸ்துந: |

నాథమానేష్ఠమందార: శ్రీనాథస్మరణాదర: |

లక్ష్మీనాథాఖ్యగురురాట్ ఈప్సితార్థ ప్రదోస్తున: |

Grantha – Chandrika Shubodini (vyakyana)